Nature spirits


According to the Greeks and Romans, nature was animated by the divine. Spirits and other entities were all around them, in rivers and forests, devotions and hills. They were often a popular subject in art and stories.

#Natuurgeesten have been found in myths and sagas since early Greek and then Roman civilization. But also in later times they maintain a strong connection with nature. Most nature spirits are especially bound specific places such as a river or a rock. But some also had a wider area. The Nereids, the children of Gaia and Pontus, and the Oceanians, descendants of Titans, were all seamphs. Dryades were rulers of the woods and Oreades were responsible for hills and mountains.

Natuurgeesten
Natuurgeesten
Natuurgeesten

Lower gods of nature were previously entrusted with specific tasks. Thus Triton was forced to calm down storms, and Priapus was the god of gardens and genitals. Aurora was the goddess of dawn.

The first among nature spirits was #Pan , god of the land, and the shepherds. He was a faun, half man half goat, and brought music into the world with his pan flute. In most stories, he is the son of Apollo or Hermes. His retinue of satyrs were known to be rather fond of releasing the brakes and offsetting forest nymphs. Although the latter prefer nothing to do with the satyrs and cut off on their appearance, Pan often managed to seduce them with his magic flute playing. With their ecstatic dances and enchanting flutes, they were also an exuberant embodiment of creative power and zest for life. Later, these characteristics would also be attributed to the demigod Dionysus, the god of wine and pleasant intoxication that it brought with it.

Devil deity

Natuurgeesten
It is also from the image of the god Pan, that Christianity was inspired by the creation of the Devil. This is also often depicted as a man with horns and goat legs. He is also considered to be the instigant of evil, which tempts the believers to sin. Although his existence already occurs in Genesis as the seductive serpent, the Devil, as shown above, became truly a symbol during the enlightened. In this period it was unthinkable not to believe good versus evil, God versus the Devil. Thus also many witch hunts came into being. Think of Salem, where it was claimed that satyrs on goats attracted children in the night and took possession of them.

For the Jews it is different. In their eyes there is no such thing as the Devil, for God creates both light and dark. However, there are falsifiers and opponents of faith.

In Islam, the Devil was created by Allah. They are not one, but several Djinns created from smokeless fire, but unlike the Angels, they questioned God's motives and were thus capable of criticism and disobedience.