In most cases, thinning hair is not linked with overall health concerns. However, it can affect people’s mental health and self-esteem. People can try several treatments and home remedies to boost hair health, thickness, and strength. Some degree of hair loss is normal. As people get older, their hair may naturally start to lose volume and strength.

The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) point out that people lose 50–100 hairs each day. New hair then regrows from the same hair follicles. Over time, however, some follicles stop producing hair, and hair shafts become finer. The hair also starts to lose its color.

Male or female pattern hair loss.
Male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness are together called androgenetic alopecia. Genes and hormones cause androgenetic alopecia.

Androgenetic alopecia is a frequent cause of hair loss. It affects an estimated 50 million men and 30 million women in the United States. According to the Genetics Home Reference, the likelihood of experiencing androgenetic alopecia increases with age.

Although it can affect teenagers, over half of males aged 50 and older have some degree of hair loss. It is most likely to affect females following menopause.

Often, people who have androgenetic alopecia have family members with the same condition. In males, hair thinning tends to occur from the hairline to the back of the head. In females, it tends to affect the crown of the head.

Alopecia areata.
Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair loss in round patches on the scalp. It can also affect the eyebrows, beard, and other areas where hair is present. People in the U.S. have a 2.1% chance of developing alopecia areata in their lifetime. It often occurs during childhood. Genes and environmental factors are the main causes.

In alopecia areata, the hair follicles are still alive, and the hair can regrow. Doctors may treat alopecia areata with an injection into the scalp every 4–6 weeks for up to 6 months.

Diet.
The body needs nutrients in order to create new hair strands and maintain healthy hair follicles. Protein is an essential component of hair. Micronutrients, which include vitamins and minerals, play a key role in the hair follicle growth cycle.
Malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies can cause hair loss. Eating a healthful, varied diet can help promote the continued growth of strong, healthy hair. Eating a nutritious diet can also prevent the following signs of damaged hair:

  • Brittle hair shafts
  • A dull appearance
  • Dryness
  • Dandruff
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Vitamin D stimulates the hair follicles, resulting in hair growth.
When a person does not get enough vitamin D, they may experience hair loss, alongside other symptoms. Some research has linked vitamin D deficiencies with alopecia areata. Learn about vitamin D deficiency and hair loss.

Stress

After a long period of significant stress, people may notice that their hair feels thinner than usual. This is called telogen effluvium. When stress causes thinning hair, people usually notice their hair returning to its normal volume once the stressful situation begins to pass.

Healthcare professionals can help people manage significant times of stress. Talking and behavioral therapies can help. People can also try natural remedies for dealing with stress and anxiety.

Pregnancy
People may notice hair loss during or after pregnancy. Typically, the hair grows back without any treatment.

Treatment.
People can try taking prescription medication to treat thinning hair. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have officially approved two prescription drugs for treating androgenetic alopecia: minoxidil and finasteride.

Minoxidil.
Minoxidil comes in 2% and 5% treatments. People apply the product directly to the areas of thinning hair. This is a safe and effective treatment for androgenetic alopecia. It takes 6–12 months for hair growth to improve. However, people taking minoxidil will have to keep taking it permanently, or hair loss will reoccur.

Side effects of taking minoxidil can include:
  • Contact dermatitis.
  • Skin irritation.
  • Excessive hair growth.
  • Finasteride.
  • Finasteride (Propecia) is an oral medication. People experiencing hair loss take 1 milligram daily. This is a prescription drug for men who have already tried minoxidil without success.
Side effects of taking finasteride can include:
  • Erectile dysfunction.
  • Decreased libido.
  • Gynecomastia, or growth of breast tissue.

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