About the Recorder


Just a few years ago, the recorder was used in the classes AMV (General Musical Education) at the music school, in order to be able to put the learned into practice in a simple way. From this arose the curious prejudice, that the recorder was nothing more than an exercise instrument; for the 'real work' you had to switch to something else. That is of course a misconception and fortunately the recorder is hardly used for this purpose anymore and can again take the rightful place among the full-fledged instruments.


The name

Only at the beginning of the 20th century, when the instrument was' rediscovered 'by the general public after years of oblivion, did the term' recorder 'come into use. Other names were used for this purpose: flat flute beak flute bekflute mean flute (old Dutch for: ordinary flute) handflute In other languages The Dutch name 'bekflute' is probably derived from French flûte à bec. In English, the term 'flute' is also used, but does not refer to the recorder. Here is meant the flute. If the English mean a recorder, they say “recorder.”.


Origin

Exactly how long the recorder exists is not so good to say. In the literature we find the first descriptions of the recorder from the 14th century, but the instrument has been around for much longer. In England, legs were found specimens from the Stone Age.
On images and in literature the recorder is present as a solo instrument or with other instruments in an ensemble. It is played in the church, at parties and in the homely circle. The first book on recorder was published in 1511 by Sebastian Virdung written. In 1535 writes Silvestro Ganassi a course specially for the recorder: the Fontegara . In the book Syntagma Musica , written by Preatorius , eight different members of the recorder family are described. Preatorius even delivers images at scale.


The flute itself

The recorder almost always consists of two or three parts: the head, the middle part and the foot. In two-piece recorder, the middle part and foot are combined into one part. The parts slide together by sliding the 'tap' into the 'tap hold'. The taps are fitted with a cork layer or a yarn winding, so that the parts stay together while playing. The middle part is equipped with finger holes. At the bottom the thumbhole, at the top seven holes. By opening or closing holes you can create different tones. If a recorder has a baroque bore, then the bottom two holes are double executed, so that semitones can also be played. On the larger recorder flutes (tenor, bass) the holes are too far apart to be able to play with the hands. On these instruments, valves are therefore mounted. There are also some members of the recorder family that are made from one part: the garklein-flötlein and the gar-garklein-flötlein. These two are not very common, hence the original German name has not been modified.

yoorsapril2021

Tone formation

In the picture you see the head of the recorder viewed from the side, and from the top. From the side you can see the nozzle well. In the photo you can see from the mouthpiece a darker color of wood: that's the block from which the flute takes its name.. From the top, the window is visible, and the labium.

yoorsapril2021

You can also see a cross section of the head of the recorder. To produce a tone, blow air through the mouthpiece. The air passes through the core gap, and enters the window against the side edge of the labium. The air in the flute is thus vibrated. That's what causes the sound. (Compare it to blowing over the edge of a bottle, where you also hear a tone.) If you close all finger holes, you will hear a low tone, because then the air column in the flute will be as long as possible. When the holes are opened, the air column in the flute is shorter, and the tone sounds higher.

Quality

If the air blown through the flute is affected by damage or dirt, the sound will be worse in quality. Maintenance of the recorder is therefore important, and after use it is wise to use the brush that came with the purchase of the flute.


Range

Most recorder flutes were originally made of wood, but nowadays you also have very good plastic specimens. There are different recorder in different sizes. As we already saw above, if the air column in a flute is longer, the tone will be lower. Shorter recorder therefore have a higher sound, a higher mood than lower. There are the following recorder in the contemporary recorder family. The letter and number indicate the mood of the instrument and the octave in which the base note is found.

  • Very small sopranino recorder (gar-garkleinflötlein), f3
  • Small sopranino recorder (garkleinflötlein), c3
  • Sopranino Recorder, f2
  • Soprano Recorder, c2
  • Alt recorder, f1
  • Tenor recorder, c1
  • Bass Recorder, f
  • Grand bass recorder, c
  • Double bass recorder, F
  • Submajor bass, C (Sub is here: an octave lower than the main bass recorder)
  • Subdouble bass, F (Sub is here: an octave lower than the double bass recorder)

You can play more than two octaves with each recorder. In the diagram you see how the range of the different recorder always overlaps. You can see that the f-instruments always differ from each other an octave. You can also see the same in the c-instruments.

(On the picture you see, from left to right my assortment: sopranino, soprano, alt, tenor, bass)

yoorsapril2021

Other votes

Recorder with other moods have also been in use in the past. For example:

  • Sixt Flute (or: Discant Flöt), soprano recorder tuned in d
  • Fourth Flute, soprano recorder tuned in berry.
  • Alt Flöt in g, alt-recorder tuned in g
  • Voice flute, an alt-recorder tuned in d (you can also consider this as a tenor recorder tuned in d)
  • Fourth Flute, tenor recorder tuned in berry.
  • Bass Flöt in Bes, bass recorder only one tone lower, tuned in berry.


Play

Playing a recorder is harder than you think. To form a tone, blow air through the instrument and hold the different holes closed — or not. But the amount of air and the force with which you blow also affects the tone. If you blow louder, the tones will sound higher. Of course, that is not the intention when playing together, because then it will sound impure. If you need to put more power, you will also have to lower your tone with special help handles.


Recorder

Those who like to learn how to play recorder can go to many music teachers. If you want to take it much further, you can also study at one of the conservatories, where you will be trained to become a musical professional. Music For the recorder a lot of music is written. The earliest known music dates back to the end of the Middle Ages, the beginning of the Renaissance. From that moment on, modern music notation also develops. Thanks to that modern notation and the techniques to release it in print, a lot of that music is left to us. Of course, there is not only Renaissance recorder music. Also nowadays there is still a lot of music written for the recorder and the recorder ensemble.


What do I play

I usually play sopranino, soprano or tenor. A very once also the alto. I also have the bass, but it really doesn't come out of his suitcase.. At the Stadpipelpers of 's-Hertogenbosch I mainly play on shalmei and tenor-dulcian , but some pieces are better for the recorder. There, of course, I can not use the modern looking recorder set, as shown above. Of course there are also special Renaissance recorder, but unfortunately they did not fit my budget..

On this picture you can see the sopranino (second from the left) that you already saw above, and on the right side the sopranino and the soprano I use with the Stadpipelpers. The very little whistle on the left is a gar-garklein flötlein. Funny with such a small instrument is that the holes are not all under each other, but in two rows. It's the only way to get the fingers to fit the instrument. This whistle always goes along when we perform, but is rarely or never used in the interplay. Instead, it goes with a string around my neck. After all, the eye also wants some.

yoorsapril2021

(c) 2021 Hans van Gemert

(Own images)

This article is an edit of an article that I have previously posted on Infonu.nl.

#yoorsapril2021

#music

#recorder

Comment and receive 25 YP 25
I'm back
Hi, there I am again. Today I saw an email about yoors and then I remembered the platform I had lost sight of for a while.. A few years ago, I created an account here and shared my thoughts about the struggles I was going through at the time.. How I got encouraging responses to it, which actually made me wonder why I quit. Unfortunately things went wrong when I just wanted to log in.. I forgot my password and when I wanted to log in again everything suddenly was fetsy.. However, I don't think that would be such a big disaster.. What was going on then isn't all the matter anymore, part of that time I would like to forget. So, first of all, wow! What has changed a lot here?! What it got beautiful?! Now that I'm writing this article, I'm still quite puzzling with all the options that weren't there before. Chapeau for how cool all this has become! After that, yes, I say “there I am again”, but who's back? Some of you may remember me, but maybe not; that's not bad.. I am Erieka, now 25 years old and in the two years I was absent from this website changed quite a little..  That's how I had only 1 cat; Malibu.. Later one came from the shelter; Ollie. His name was Oliver Twist from the shelter.. He's been part of the family for a year and a half now and a half and a good friend with Malibu.. Later I'll probably devote another article to this.. (Malibu is the turtle cat in the picture, Ollie the white with black earphones) I started therapy about two years ago, which included emdr therapy last year.. In addition, corona came to look around the corner.. Something that just mess up my life, which was already a mess,. Suddenly I sat home because my employer decided. Fortunately, I kept my job and paid my salary.. If I had become unemployed, I would have had an even bigger problem. It was a terrible but beautiful time, those ten months I've been at home.. I learned a lot and, even though I was mostly home, a lot happened.. What changed zoal compared to +/- 2 years ago? - I got a permanent contract with my job. Mentally, I got stronger.. After nearly 10 months of sitting at home, I developed a bore-out. I got more and more gloomy, started to be worse in my skin, had little energy, and for me it didn't even have to be.. The result of my work temporarily falling away, on my mental health, was an eye-opener. I realized how important it is for me to have work, to be useful. I have also learned, partly through the bizarre crisis, to recognise and set my mental health to 1.. Ollie joined the family.. He became very close to Malibu in 2020.. After having struggled with nasal colds that seemed to have chronic nature for a long period of time, I operated on in 2020. This revealed that the anatomy of my nose was just a bad luck and that was corrected by surgery (some bone has been removed). Furthermore, the ENT doctor accidentally found out that apparently I had far too large pharyngeal tonsils, I didn't know this myself.. At some point they started to ignite.. They are in the same operation as removing bone in the nose, removed.. Also, nasal mucosa that had undergone some kind of sprawl, burned away.. Everything happened in one operation and the recovery was intense.. However, I sleep better and suffer less from the complaints I had before.. I also have more air, something that those throat tonsils apparently had a share in.. I also decided that I'm going to try to pick up blog posts again.. I did miss it anyway and here and there writing helped me process things.. Hopefully you want to follow my messages.. At least I'm going to snoop around and try things out so I can better understand how it works here -)
Comment and receive 50 YP 50
Requiem: Chapter 6
- Inspector Norino Vastai, for the umpteenth time, read the note sent to him by post. Notwithstanding the effort that his colleagues had made to track down the sender of the message, these attempts had not yielded anything. It would also have proved impossible to detect the person in question through the specific location from which the message was sent. The laser coding of the shipment indicated that the letter was posted in P.O. Box 2509 Sanctuary. But even with the many fixed cameras in the streets or the mobile spybots that were surveillance some parts of the city, one couldn't screen the mailboxes all. Perhaps this would have been possible, knowing that one had to keep an eye on that mailbox if one had programmed a number of cameras in advance. After examining the relevant postbox, it turned out that it was just in a blind spot of the fixed cameras.. Coincidence or intended? Not that Norino Vastai could not initially 'read' the text or that he did not know who had written those roaring strange words. The databases of before the ' Great War' were fortunately preserved for humanity and had already revealed to him the name of the original writer of these words. They had given up that he had in hand an extract of Mozart's Requiem. Unfortunately, the translation of this text was not available in the databases of the Security Service and it was a language he was not able to. The history before the destruction of a part of the world was a piece of relic and a silent witness how man had helped his own demise. There were books, pieces of music, biographies, photographs of monuments and sights and many other things kept in these databases. He looked at the jolly handwriting and read the note again. Dies irae, dies illa Solvet seaeclum in favilla, Test David cum Sybilla. Quantus tremor and futurus. Quando Judex Cuncta strict discurrus. The Fingerprints service could not have discovered anything useful on the paper. It was of a recycled type that was sold everywhere — real paper had become very expensive — and the chemical research on the ink or possibly DNA on the paper had not revealed anything.. No rare type of ink that could send them in a particular direction or store. Just a flawlessly described piece of paper without traces. Lucky in an accident that one of his colleagues had studied classical and debilitated languages in addition to his diploma in criminology and a few other certificates in his youth.. A dead language such as Latin was no longer included in the teaching schedules of the New World. The main language was English, both in business and in the scientific world, even the people in the medical sector who used many Latin terms at the beginning of the 21st century had abandoned. But now Norino was happy to call on that piece of knowledge of that colleague. By the way, a translation agency would be an extra post on its monthly expense report, which the management would just skimp on and skimp on.. Today, every penny had to be accounted for, to the extreme. That is why he now read on an attached digital note from his colleague, the typed translation of this anonymous strange message: Day of wrath, that day of days Which will set the world to ashes, As David and Sybilla testify What fear will there be, If the Judge will come, To judge everything just. For completeness, his colleague and translator had added to it: 'Extract and translation from the “Requiem” by Mozart. Norino Vastai would never have passed 'this' message. But at the bottom of the Latin text there was a question in swirling letters. A question that was not asked in Latin. It was written in Norino's national language. Those words he'd read at least ten times made the Chief Inspector frown the eyebrows worried. Who's next after Suzy Chang? ………. He was in lotus position naked on a grey cold concrete ground. Motionless like a mannequin or a wax image. The eyes closed. Only the vertical and horizontal movements behind his closed eyelids testified that this was not a doll but a living creature and that this person was apparently in the phase of rem sleep. Images of blood, crying and screaming filled his dreams. A smile lay sprayed around his lips. He heard the begging and praying for forgiveness, the weeping of his victims in the realization of their sins. Sinners he had put on the right path. A person who saw his mistakes and begged forgiveness was given the appropriate grace. The grace of death. Obliterating their crimes in washing their own blood, that was the only way to cleanse them of their sins. Between his hands resting relaxed on his knees his erection was clearly visible. So he stayed in his world of horror and death. For about half an hour without giving any appearance sign of life, he remained in the same position. Then suddenly he stood in one smooth motion straight from his sitting position and at the same time opened the eyes. Before him stood a small elevated, a kind of altar on which he had exhibited various objects. On each side of these objects were four candles that cast creepy shadows on the rough walls in the dim space around him. His naked figure was projected in a multitude on the walls of those walls. A luguber shadow play. He caressed with reverence over the altar and the things he had collected. Fetishes, proofs of his victories, the lost sheep, the rescued herd. How long had he been trying to bring the deceived to the right path. He carefully picked up a strand of hair that he had wrapped in a transparent plastic film, opened the package and smelled with passion to the hair, folded the foil back and put it back in place. So he did with all the objects lying on the altar. ‘ Exaudi orationem meam, ad te omnis caro veniet. Listen to my prayer; to You all the flesh comes , 'he contemplated in Latin while he took a piece of skin the size of a coin in his hands and sacrificed to the photograph that stood at the back of the altar. After performing these rituals, he took the Nihonto from the holder who also stood on the altar and pulled it out of the scabbard he put back in the holder on the altar. He turned to the right where there was another door. A door that led to another room as dim as the room with the altar. On a hook on the left side of the door hung a large white cloth that he draped over him. Two holes in the canvas at the level of his eyes made it possible for him to find his way. He opened the door to that other room and left his personal intimate temple. On heavy chains that were fixed in the wall hung a man. When the white form entered the room, the man had barely moved his head. Yet he had heard something and there was a whimpering sound from his throat that cut through bone and marrow. It was fear that was squeezed out of the prisoner's throat. A sound that slowly swelled as the white form approached. …….. I wiped tired but satisfied the sweat from my eyes. After an intensive workout during which I have all the movements of the ' Kami Akai 'had performed in a false fight against my imaginary opponent, my stress was' almost 'completely eliminated. A series of 120 movements flowing into each other in perfect symmetry was the basis of a martial arts in which I was trained from the age of seven.. Although there were combinations that consisted of fewer movements depending on whether they had to be applied to a particular situation, I had completed the whole series out of frustration and physical necessity. Both my body and my mind needed this. Actively respond in a practice session made up of defensive but also offensive movements. The interaction always had a calming effect on me. It was an interaction of various functions of the body. The eye reflexes that had to react to a countermotion, the breathing control in connection with the understanding of the fighting situation in case one had to deal with a real opponent, everything was important. All these things had to respond to each other in such a way that at the end of the session people felt a lot better because of the released endorphins. A positive reaction to the mass of negative aggression that one had built up in one's system during a certain period. That was the only right path to balance according to my father Arturo Mitsukai, who had also been my teacher in the ' Kami Akai' . Freely translated means Kami Akai the Red Spirits. The practitioner of this martial art must be like a spirit. Quickly and invisibly, at one moment still facing his opponent, looking down the next as victorious on his flown opponent. The red of Akai represents the power of the sun. The force with which one strikes, the heat of the energy that is released by which one sends the enemy. It wasn't just that this time I had the dojo ' Shogi 'had chosen for my training. It was also the dojo where some of the members of the Skeelers practiced their martial arts. Ji Lang, an old acquaintance, who had been trained together under the same Master since my tenth year of life, came by regularly and he was the person who might be able to help me. Today he had an appointment at four o'clock in the afternoon. This information was obtained at the counter by throwing my natural charms into the ring. Sometimes this gave even better results than a round of fighting. Just a fifteen minutes of sweating out on the treadmill and then I had some pressing questions to ask. Ji entered the dojo at four o'clock. He owned the Red Circle just like me. The second best ' Kami'. Het waren maar de meesters die na het dragen van de Red Circle gedurende vele jaren uiteindelijk de kans kregen om de Golden Circle earnable. The red sun that becomes a golden sphere at its strongest and at its highest point. Therefore, this was also the highest award in the Kami Akai, the best being among the best. Na een periode van het verdedigen van de Red Circle kon men volgens de regels van de Kami Akai nog een tiental proeven afleggen, een soort eindexamen. Those who succeeded flawlessly got the Golden Circle. This was for each of them a test of their years of experience and knowledge gained in this martial arts. So it was not surprising that it was only a few who were given this honour. I came to Ji and bowed with my right hand pressed against my heart. Ji smiled and greeted back. “My deepest condolences Yukiko,” were his first words. I thanked him for his condolences. It became a mechanical reaction. So many people had already done this and although I did not doubt their words, my reaction came out without thinking about it, I did not want to go into it more deeply. I just hoped that with that would not be offended. 'It's been a long time since we met, 'Ji continued. “What brings you here today? What out of shape or something, “he teased me. We could always have liked each other, my father had always found him a docile and promising pupil. 'On the contrary, today I feel really in shape, maybe I'll win from you, 'I challenged him teasing. Ji Lang could not dismiss that challenge and pointed with a grinning glance at the free mat on his left. We took our starting position, greeting according to the rules and started moving around like two tigers in a grazing phase. Both Ji and myself first tried a few feints. This to test the action and reaction of the opponent. I had previously experienced that Ji was sometimes a little too confident and usually went into the attack rather quickly. That's why he regularly got a little too close to my stroke range. I had to take into account, of course, that it could be a feint or provoking maneuver. I tried out an attacking movement and got the wind immediately and also a sample of the power that lurked behind his dangerous left. Had I forgotten that famous left of his for a moment. I felt the power of the Kami Akai and counted some asterisks, shook my head and restated my defense. However, I feigned that I was not immediately obtained from his attack. Ji walked wide open with both eyes in my stuffed trap. This time anyway! I dodged his little left, felt the power just above my head in the air powerlessly burst and disappear. With a mowing leg movement, Li was flown by me. Then, of course, he asked for a rematch and, after a longer batch of sensing, won the feints and finally I lay on my stomach in a hold that comes just before the final blow. It was a battle with some masterpieces of Kami Akai and the casual attendees stopped training during the battle to follow this event between two Red Circles. We got an appreciating applause ourselves after each round. After the second game, I used my arms to make the crossed motion over my chest as a sign that I was holding the contest. We both had won a contest each and that was good for my next step, especially after Ji Lang had been able to write the final victory on his palmares. After we had refreshed a bit, as we had agreed before after the game, we met again in the entrance hall of the Shogi. “Hey, Ji, can I offer you something at the bar, to celebrate us again?? Is milk still your favorite drink, 'I laughed. Ji frowned played indignant the eyebrows. “What a dumb question Yu, you know this white stuff is the ultimate drug for me.“It was his joke, with which he had put many on the wrong foot. Those who didn't know him thought he was talking about cocaine, but Ji was dead serious when he talked about his glass of milk. “Let it come, Yu, I won't turn it down. Let's party!Involuntarily I thought of Gekko with his strange language exclamations. However, Ji spoke a lot better English. Both Chinese and Japanese had rather problems with the pronunciation of English, despite the fact that in the 22nd century English was used as a language everywhere because of the multicultural communities in both the Old and the New World. At the bar we both told our experiences of the last year after he once again argued his sincere condolences in the loss of my parents. We picked up some memories that did us both good. To break the ice a bit this was always a good method. But in the end, I asked him why I came here. “You lost a few friends at the Skeelers, I thought you'd read?'I started grazing. “Ah, don't open my mouth, a very distasteful thing, Yukiko. It's still my head that Myo and Dakai are gone. Losing your life in such a bloody way. Mutilated and then eventually decapitated, I just can't think about it. If I could get my hands on the perpetrator, I don't know if I could control myself. Then I wouldn't stop before the final blow!’ He looked at his glass of milk with an evil look and for a moment I thought that the glass in his firm grip would splash apart, so white the knuckles on his hand. 'Ji, I don't know if this is a coincidence, it's almost impossible, but my parents died the same way. Maybe we can try to find out a little bit more together because what I've heard from the Security Service is anything but worth mentioning, you'd almost think they're withholding things..’ Ji Lang looked at me for a while and I let him make his decision in silence. “If you share your info with me, why shouldn't I, maybe it won't work out, maybe it will, but I agree with you that the people of the Security Service want to cover up these things. Maybe this business is just beyond their hats. What have they achieved so far. Nothing, zero, nada!’ I told him about my visit to Gerekko Dai and mentioned the illegal intrusion into the Security Service system. Ji pulled a count the eyebrows up, but the smile on his lips, made me after some hesitation reassured further speak. “That Stephen March, he might know a little more? Do you have any elements in these murders that might take us a little further?? “I might have something better...., 'he let in the silence that followed these words build up the tension and looked at me with the head slightly obliquely, straight in the eye, 'A Skeeler has seen the abduction of Myo and Dakai and may have some more information about that murderous beast. Who knows, it might be something that might help us track down the killer.!’ Now I looked him in my turn right in the eye. “So you also want to, just as I do to start an independent investigation into the murderer or murderers, I understood this correctly?’ Ji nodded. 'I don't get any support for this with the other Skeelers ’ he said, “you know the government is not so on gang-forming and so. They allow us to turn a blind eye, as long as we walk within the lines drawn out to them. But my friend I spoke to is probably the only one who thinks otherwise. By the way, we founded together a small import-export company in artifacts that brings a lot of profit.’ I got some hope, you never know, all the little clues might have gotten one good lead.“Where does he live, what's his name...?’ Ji smiled at my enthusiasm. 'Still the restless Yu as before, always straight towards the man. We've been calling him Eagle Eye for a while, ask me why? 'Why?What a obedient and docile girl I was! 'In a skirmish a dozen years ago, he lost one of his eyes, 'Ji said. 'Yet he did not sit by the suits, and with implantation of the bionic body parts that nowadays can work miracles in such a case, such a high-tech eye was implanted in him. Sometimes a human being is even better off with those intelligent implants. He simply sees a thousand times better with his new eye. Like an eagle who can see miles away, 'smiled Ji. 'Plus the extras you get with such an intelligent eye like the projection of internet data or incoming emails projected onto your retina via a link with your cell phone. And then you can't forget the zoom and recording function and a few more things I probably don't even understand. Even if you become a piece of machine, you might even be better off with two such eyes, 'Ji decided who had always been in favour of technological masterpieces. With one last sip, he emptied his drink, took his vest and beckons me. “Enough talk, come to our humble little house on the outskirts of town. By that, I naturally mean the ' Swift', the meeting place of the Skeelers. I'm just gonna introduce you to him, and we'll see if we have a useful lead. © Rudi J.P. Lejaeghere Requiem Chapter 5 or 7 - Requiem: Chapter 5 - Requiem: Chapter 7 -



145 comments