1. UV filter:
UV-B: As you know now, UV-B causes radiation to a skin burn and leads to DNA damage, which significantly increases the risk of skin cancer. This is stated on the packaging of the solar product as SPF.
UV-A: This radiation also contributes to skin combustion, but mainly causes skin aging, such as pigment stains, skin dehydration and wrinkle formation. If you want a healthy brown skin it is important that you also Skin protected against UV-A radiation. An UV-A filter is stated on solar products with A +, A ++, A +++
1. A good protection factor must have both a UV-A and a UV-B filter.
2. The UV Filter Chemical or Mineral / Physical: The physical sun filters are, as it were, a shield reflecting the sun's rays. Physical sun filters work immediately if you apply them to the skin.
Chemical UV Filters:
The light is absorbed by the skin and absorbs the UV radiation. Chemical filters include, for example, oxybenzone, octyl methoxycinnamate, octocrylene and avobenzone. Chemical filters really pull in the skin and absorb the sunlight. This has pros and cons; The advantage is that chemical filters stay a bit better, physical filters wipe you off a bit easier. Chemical filters also have a number of disadvantages: some "old fashioned" and bad chemical sun filters become inoperative after some time and can end up in the bloodstream. Also, the risk of skin irritation or allergy in chemical filters is greater than with physical filters. And let those bad chemical filters now be just the cheapest filters! Most sunscreens do not belong to a single category but contain both chemical and mineral filters.
The mineral (natural) or physical filter:
The mineral filters are my preference because they protect the skin for the most part by reflecting the light. A layer is laid on the skin, so that the UV radiation can not penetrate the skin. Natural filters are: titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Any small disadvantage .... They leave a white haze on the skin.
2. A good protection factor must have a mineral filter.
The skin has a lot of suffering in summer. What do you think of the sun, the chlorine in the pool water, or the salt in the sea water does with the skin? Dry out! Precisely because the skin has so much suffering, it is important that drugs have been added to your sunscreen products that hydrate the skin. But of course, he must own good sun filters. Good moisturizing agents for sunscreens include:
Shea butter (Butyrospermum Parkii)
Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis Leaf)
Almond oil (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis Oil)
In fact, you should always use a day cream under your sunscreen, so never forget!
Good solar filters are:
Tinosorb: One of the best sun filters are the Tinosorb M and S solar filters. They are stable, protect your skin against UVA and UVB damage, and are not absorbed by your body like many chemical filters. Allergies are low and they do not have hormonal activity. Unfortunately, Tinosorb is also a relatively expensive filter and is therefore used almost always in combination with other sun filters. In all cheap products, you will not often see this filter.
Tinosorb M (bisoctrizole; methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethylbutylphenol). Provides UVA and UVB protection, is not absorbed by the body, low chance of skin irritation / allergy and is very stable.
Tinosorb S (Bemotrizinol; bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine). Gives UVA and UVB protection is not / barely absorbed by the body, low chance of skin irritation / allergy and is very stable.
Mexoryl A filter that is good is Mexoryl. Especially the XL version is good; The SX version has to be combined with other filters and unfortunately not always the best one.
Mexoryl SX (Ecamsule; terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid). Provides UVA protection especially and must therefore be combined with another solar filter. Absorbed and low chance of skin irritation / allergy.
Mexoryl XL (Silatriazole). Provides UVA and UVB protection, is not absorbed by the body, low chance of skin irritation / allergy.
Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide: Here is my preference because these are the physical and mineral filters! My preference is the version that does not use nanotechnology. However, this leaves a white haze on the skin, but it is a great option for children. Zinc oxide is safer than titanium dioxide. Provide UVA and UVB protection.
3. A good sunscreen must contain moisturizing drug
4.Perfume and phototoxic substances:
Be sure to avoid so-called phototoxic substances when you are in the sun. These are substances that can accelerate in combination with sun damage without noticing it directly to the skin. You can also keep ugly pigment spots on it. Fabrics that can do this (and which are also often in sunscreens) are:
fragrances / perfumes
plant extracts / oils like citrus, orange, bergamot, mandarin, grapefruit, lime, lavender, rosemary, fig, angelica, st johns Wort (sint jans carrot), tea tree and ginger • oxybenzone (that's crazy enough a sun filter).
4. A good protection factor must therefore not contain any perfume or phototoxic substances.
Which oxidants may contain your sunscreen? Studies have shown that the listed substances (antioxidants) provide extra protection when entering the sun. The product may contain more than 1 antioxidant, as they enhance each other's action!Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid, Ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate, AscorbylPalmitate,Sodium ascorbyl phosphateMagnesium ascorbyl (phosphate)Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide)Vitamin E (Tocopherol acetate, tocopherol palmitate, tocopherol succinate)Vitamin A (Tretinoin, Beta Carotene, Retinol)ErgothioneinGreen tea extract (Epicatechin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate epigallocatechin)Soy extract (Genistein)CaffeinePycnogenol (Pinus Pinaster)ResveratrolGrape seed extract (Vitis Vinifera)BetaglucanLicorice root extract (Glycyrrhiza Glabra)SeleniumSilymarin extract (Silibum marianum extract).
I hope this information gives you some clarity in the world of sunproducts.
Bibi make up Queen.