In what continent is Australia?


Oceania is the smallest of the six continents in size and population. The continent covers an area of ​​6,525,969 square kilometers. The current population is 3 crore 8 lakh 60 thousand.
The continent of Oceania is divided into 5 regions, namely, Australia, New Zealand, Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. Australia is the largest of the continents in terms of region and country. This continent is often referred to as the Australian Continent or the Australian Ecozone. There are 14 countries on this continent and each country is independent and a member of the United Nations.
The term Oceania was first used in 1812 by the geographer Conrad Malte Brun. The word oceanic comes from the Greek word ocean.
The word Australia means "Terra Australia Incognito" meaning the unknown land surface. Unknown Southern Land. Australia was called New Holland until the 1900s.
The continent is made up of the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean. This continent is also called coral or coral continent. Because this continent is surrounded by the largest all coral wall. It is bounded on the west by the Sumatra Islands, on the northwest by the Benin Islands, on the north-south by the Hawaiian Islands, and on the east by the Rapa Nui and Sala Gomez Islands. To its south lies the island of Macquarie, which extends as far as Taiwan
The continent is also referred to in geographical terms as Sahul, Australinea, or Meganesia to distinguish the continental part from the mainland or country of Australia. The continent is made up of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Sarem, and possibly Timor and the surrounding islands. Whether New Zealand is part of the Australian continent is a matter of considerable debate. According to many geologists, New Zealand is not part of the Australian continent. It is part of a separate submerged continent, Zealandia. Both New Zealand and Australia are now considered part of a larger region called Australasia or Oceania.
According to experts and geologists, a number of features are fixed according to which it is possible to determine a continent.
Criteria such as land size, population, tectonic plate, city, flora and fauna, culture are used in the light of various geologists and expert opinions. However, the standards are not universally accepted. Yet this is done through them because there is no other way. Among these determinants, volume and tectonic plates are often considered the most acceptable.
There are also differences of opinion as to how many continents there are due to different opinions. In one country four or five continents are caught and in another seven. However, most countries in the world have recognized that there are seven continents. But whether the continents are five or seven; Australia is considered a continent in any list.
In order to select a continent, the size of the land is first observed. Not only if it is large in size. With this the landmass must be uninterrupted and separated from the other large landmass by oceans and seas.
To become a continent, it is essential to meet some more geographical conditions. One of them is to be positioned on its own tectonic plate. Australia has met this condition very well. Its own plate name is Australian Plate.
Most of Europe and Asia is located on the Eurasian tectonic plate. Europe and Asia are supposed to be one continent, subject to the conditions mentioned earlier. But this is not the case. In this case, the division of the continent is done on the basis of culture and ethnic diversity.
Despite having its own tectonic plate, India is part of the Asian continent without forming a continent of its own. 92% of Australians are natives of Australia. The rest of the population is made up of 8% Asians and only 1% Indigenous people.
It would be wrong to consider a continent with a population only. Moreover, Antarctica will be left out of the list. So the issue of population has to be brought in line with everything. There are about 370,000 people living in Australia.
A city-based discussion can also be done in determining the continent. Many cities can be seen in Australia, such as Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra, Newcastle, Perth, Brisbane, etc. These cities are home to 79% of Australia's population.
The presence of diverse flora and fauna can also be considered as a criterion for identifying continents. About 70% of Australia's flora and fauna are found in this area alone. Australia has 4,000 species of fish, 1,600 species of corals, and 50 species of marine mammals. Most of its origins are in Australia. Kangaroos, Wombats, Tasmanian Devils, etc. are included in this list.
Australia separated from Antarctica about 50 million years ago. Subsequent changes in the climate and the surrounding environment of the region have led to the emergence of many new plants and animals.
Its total area is 65,48,000 sq km.
It extends from 10 degrees south latitude to 44 degrees south latitude and from 113 degrees east longitude to 154 degrees east longitude. The Tropic of Capricorn runs through almost the center of the continent.


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