A continent is a huge landmass made up of multiple smaller landmasses, a separate piece of land separated by oceans. The seven geographical regions are typically regarded as continents and are generally identified by convention rather than any rigorous criterion that are namely Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. The geological continents correspond to six broad sections of continental crust found on tectonic plates, although they do not include minor continental fragments like Madagascar, which are known as microcontinents. Let us explore what are the 7 continents?
North America is the world's third-largest continent in terms of areas as well as world's fourth most populous continent. North America, which is sometimes considered a subcontinent of the Americas, is wholly in the northern hemisphere. Canada and the United States have the world's longest land border, which runs through North America.
South America is the world's fourth-largest continent in terms of land area and 3rd populated continent. With the exception of a small area in the continent's northernmost portion, it is largely in the southern hemisphere. The Atlantic Ocean surrounds South America on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Southern Ocean on the south, and North America in the north.
Europe is the world's third most populous continent and the sixth-largest in terms of land area. Due to cultural and linguistic distinctions, Europe has long been considered a separate continent from Asia, despite its physical proximity. Europe's eastern border is widely considered to be formed by the Ural and Caucasus Mountains. Europe's other borders are the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Europe is home to more than 10% of the world's population.
Africa is the world's second-largest continent in terms of both area and population. It lies on the equator. 1/3rd of Africa is located in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa makes up around 20% of the total land area on the planet. Africa is bordered to the east, west, and north by the Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and the Red Sea.
Asia is the world's most populous continent and the one with the biggest land area. It is bordered on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and the west by Europe. It encompasses 30% of the world's land area. Over 60% of the world's population resides in Asia.
Australia is the world's smallest continent and has the world's second-lowest population. To distinguish it from the Australian country, this region is also referred to as Oceania. Oceania, on the other hand, is a group of 14 counties including Australia. The Australian continent encompasses Australia, Papua New Guinea, and parts of Indonesia.
Antarctica, which is located at the South Pole, is devoid of permanent residents and nations. Its sole purpose is to serve as a scientific foundation. By geographical extent, Antarctica is the world's fifth-largest continent, but it is also the least populated. Antarctica is a continent encircled by the Southern Ocean.
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