When did Philippines got independence?


With U.S approval in 1935 the Commonwealth of Philippines was established. Full independence was given to the Republic of the Philippines by the U.S on July 4th, 1946. Now 4th of July is not only an important national holiday in the Philippines but it’s the Birthday of United States too.

Pre Independence history of the Philippines

Philippines was once a Spanish colony from 1565 and many revolts broke out challenging Spanish rule. By 19th century, nationalism brought forth more anti colonial movement and these revolts were disunited. There were revolts between Filipino and Spanish leaders in 1896 which lead to a ceasefire agreement between them.
In 1898, there was Spanish American war that brought Commodore George Dewey and the US Asiatic Squadron to Manila Bay where they fought down the Spanish Asiatic fleet. The Philippine revolution led by General Emilio Aguinaldo finally established a revolutionary government by which on June 12th 1898, they proclaimed independence. Philippine Republic was formally declared independent which was inaugurated in Malolos Bulacan in January 1899 and Aguinaldo was elected as president.
But there was an agreement that Spanish American will be concluded where Spain would give up Philippines which was not consulted with the Filipinos and thus the war of independence turned against the United States. Aguinaldo was captured after two years of fighting and President Theodore Roosevelt declared the end of the Philippine American war.

The 19th and 20th Century Period
During the 19th century period, feelings of nationalism started to stir. An author Jose Rizal became the reason where the rebellion grew in them. He wrote the books “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo” which caused the sensation and nationalism spread like wildfire throughout the Philippines. Rizal was arrested for starting a movement named Liga Filipina and he was exiled to Dapitan on Mindanao.
More organizations were later formed by which the Filipino opinion inflamed and revolution grew. In 1898 when the Spanish American was concluded Spanish fleet was defeated and Spain promised to give up Philippines but their independence turned against for United States.
Under the leadership of Americans in 1935, Philippines was made semi Independent and commonwealth country. During the 20th century literacy rate increased and many American teachers were send to Philippines. Americans promised the country they would be declared completely independent by the year 1945.
Japan had invaded Philippines in the year 1941 on December 10th and even captured Manila. Now they were under the Japanese rule. But by 1944, the American troops returned back to Philippines and rescued Manila from Japanese. Thus the Philippines finally got their independence on 4th July 1946

Flag Day
June 12th 1964 is celebrated as the Flag Day in the country. Proclamation was issued by the President Diosdado Macapagal in the year 1965 which moved the National Flag Day to May 28. But again in 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos made a new rule by declaring the extension of celebration starting from May 28 with the National Flag Day to Philippine independence Day on June 12th.

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