Bastille Day is pivotal in the overthrow of the French monarchy and the rise of the French revolution. From 1789 until 1799, France experienced a period of major political and social change known as the French revolution. The French Consulate was established after the French Revolution ended. It is a national holiday in France celebrated every year on July 14 with fireworks and parades. It commemorates the storming of the Bastille, a military stronghold and jail, on July 14, 1789. Bastille is also referred to as France’s National Day.
Conservatives favoured 4 August because it was a calm voyage of enormous transformation and sacrifice on the side of the privileged, a day that provided a moral lesson incomparably greater than the murderous mob riot of 14 July.
But, from the start, Bastille Day had become legendary, immortalised in popular culture and literature as a celebration of the people and their bravery. Michelet, Hugo, and Gambetta, with their tremendous literary voices, had pronounced the day a wonderful 'dawn,' truly a resurrection, an epiphany (Michelet's expression). It was the start of the creative founding phase, a day of release whose work was only reinforced by following excursions. It was also Federations Day when the French first learned of and celebrated a new fraternity. In a Senate debate on the intended commemoration in late June 1880, historian and senator Henri Martin stated as much.
The notion of a formal 14 July celebration was explored in republican publications as early as 1872, most notably in Gambetta's La République française. Following republican electoral successes in 1876, numerous Paris municipal councillors joined a chorus of journalists in pushing for the fête; their proposal was first proposed in the Chamber of Deputies in January 1877. The idea was revived in the next two years by popular writers Frédéric Bernard and Edouard Drumont, who recounted the inaugural Festival of the Federations in their histories of fêtes. In 1879, the year of Michelet's Banquet, republican poet and propagandist Emile Blémont did the same. In May of the following year, journalist and radical republican Camille Pelletancontributed to the campaign's success by endorsing it and paraphrasing Michelet's passionate appeal in a front-page editorial in Clemenceau's paperLa Justice. However, it was not until 1880 that the anniversary was commemorated on a regular and formal basis.
Long live the 14th of July!"(Vive le 14 juillet!”) is a slogan used for the celebration. Speeches, military parades, and fireworks, as well as popular revelry, have been a part of the event since the beginning. The festival originated in former French colonies and is now honoured in regions with strong ties to France.
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