A sore throat is characterised by pain, itching, or irritation in the throat. Mostly we start to recognize the sore throat issue when there is pain in the throat which may get worse as you try to swallow meals and beverages. Even if your sore throat isn't severe enough to require medical attention, it's still unpleasant and can prevent you from sleeping comfortably. Here in this article, Let us understand what sore throat is and how to cure sore throat via means of home remedies as well as how one could prevent it?

Remedies for Sore Throat
There are some remedies we can treat the sore throat from the items easily available in our home.
1.    Honey: Honey, which may be mixed into tea or drunk on its own, is a classic home remedy for a sore throat. Honey was found to be even more helpful than cough suppressants at taming night time coughs in one study. Honey is a powerful wound healer which is a good aid in the healing of sore throats.

2.    Salt Water: Gargling with warm salt water can help breaking down the secretions. It also gives big relief for the sore throat by doing so. Saltwater solution can be prepared by mixing a half teaspoon of salt with a full glass of warm water. Gargling helps to minimize swelling as well as to keep your throat clean. This should be done approximately every three hours.

3.    Chamomile Tea: It has traditionally been used for therapeutic purposes, including as soothing a sore throat. It is well-known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and astringent properties. Inhaling chamomile steam can help ease cold symptoms such as a scratchy throat. Drinking chamomile tea can produce a similar effect.

4.    Peppermint: Peppermint is well-known for its breath-freshening properties. Diluted peppermint oil sprays are also good for sore throats. Peppermint contains menthol, which helps thin mucus and relieve sore throats and coughs. Peppermint contains anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antiviral qualities that may help in recovery.

5.    Baking Soda Gargle: While gargling with baking soda combined with salt water can also help soothe a sore throat. Gargling this fluid destroys bacteria and restrains the growth of yeast and fungi. 1 cup warm water, 1/4 teaspoon baking soda, and 1/8 teaspoon salt can be gargled and gently swished. According to the directions, the rinse should be used every three hours as needed.

Sore Throat Remedies for Children and Infants
Sore throats in newborns and young children are certainly unpleasant, but the good news is that they rarely indicate a medical issue on their own. Here are some helpful hints and remedies:
•    Keep a mist or humidifier in the child’s room to keep the air moistened that helps to relieve pain.
•    While giving cough drops to children, use caution to be sure they are not hard candy cough drops which might pose choking risk.
•    Children should be kept more hydrated and avoid giving juices or popsicles with lots of citrus.
•    Avoid giving honey for children under 1 year.
*It is advisable to for medical prescription for infants and younger children instead of home remedies to be on safe side.

Best way to prevent the sore throat is to stay away from sick people, those who are frequently coughing and sneezing etc. They could be infected from viral/bacterial infection or any other serious illness like a flu or strep throat. Also, regular hand washing habit prevents occurrence of many infectious diseases as well as sore throat. Hot or acidic foods, chemical fumes and smoke should be avoided as these could trigger inflammation.

Note: Be cautious with using any home remedy with kids under 5 years, its always better to go be a medical prescription.

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How to cure sore throat