Scabies is a contagious skin condition characterized by itching and small red spots caused by itch mites. Scabies is exceedingly irritating and develops grey lines and red lumps on your skin. The rash appears as pink, raised bumps with a transparent top filled with fluid, similar to blisters or pimples. Let us further understand what scabies is, how is it manifested, now get enlightened more about scabies, how to identify scabies and what are the treatment options available?

What is scabies?
Scabies is a skin condition characterized by itching and small red spots caused by itch mites. It has long been known as a contagious disease that affects people all over the world, with up to 300 million cases reported each year. Scabies is prevalent in many disadvantaged areas in less developed countries. Scabies is not limited to tropical regions, and it can be endemic in economically disadvantaged populations such as indigenous tribes in industrialized countries; institutional outbreaks continue to occur in hospitals and nursing homes.

How do Scabies look like?
Scabies mites can affect the entire body, but they especially like the skin around the arms and legs. Sarcoptes Scabiei mites are the reason for the cause of scabies. These are microscopic mites which can’t be spotted with naked eyes. When you look at these mites through a microscope, you can observe that they have a round body and eight legs.
The rashes caused by scabies look like that resulted by:
•    Dermatitis
•    Syphilis
•    Poison Ivy
•    Other parasites such as fleas

Treatment of Scabies
As a doctor diagnose the condition, their first aim is to manage the symptoms i.e. to relieve the bothersome itching and swelling. Even though the first application of medicine relieves the itching, it can last for weeks. One should keep a close check on the improvements and also if any fresh cracks or bumps are developing or not. These symptoms could indicate that a second treatment is required. A scabies treatment necessitates a proper treatment.

Some Home Remedies
There are some home remedies often employed to relief the symptoms. Some of the home remedies are:
•    Tea tree oil
•    Neem
•    Aloe vera
•    Cayenne Pepper
•    Clove oil

Tea Tree Oil: Tea tree oil helps to get rid of the itching and heal a rash on your skin. Keep in mind, that it isn't as effective in destroying scabies eggs deep within your skin.
Neem: Neem is widely known for its anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties.  It has antimicrobial effects as well. Applying neem oil can help with reducing inflammation, thus ultimately relieves the associated pain as well.
Aloe Vera: In a recent study, aloe vera gel was proven to be just as effective as prescription-strength medicine in treating scabies. If you decide to use aloe vera gel, be sure you get pure aloe vera gel with no additives.
Cayenne Pepper: Cayenne pepper appears to have minimal effect on scabies mites. When used topically, it can help with pain and itching. Before utilising goods containing cayenne pepper or the component capsaicin, you should always do a skin patch test.
Clove oil and Essential Oils: Clove oil is an insecticide that has been found effective in dealing with scabies in rabbits and pigs. It kills scabies causative agents. Other essential oils may potentially have the ability to treat scabies, but more research and human studies are needed. Lavender, thyme, and nutmeg are some of the herbs one can use. In case of being pregnant, breastfeeding, or having any other health issues, one should consult a doctor first.

Note: The purpose of this article is to create general awareness among the readers. The information provided is not meant to be used for self-diagnosis or as a substitute to medical practitioner's recommendations. In case you find above stated symptoms in you or your known, kindly consult a physician or a specialist regarding diagnosis and treatment.

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How to identify Scabies?