Sign active in nature

Increase tick bite

Since 2010, the number of tick bites increased by 30% was told about ten months ago in the news. That means that 1.5 million people get a tick bite per year. The number of increases in tick bites that are so rising has to do with the ever higher temperatures in the Netherlands and because of those higher temperatures there are more and more signs. The coronacrisis also ensures that we sit more at home, work in our gardens, we go for a walk in nature and the woods and the chance that you catch a tick bite is therefore greater.

Usually in the months of June and July you have the chance of contracting a tick bite. Often because the weather is hot in summer, the shorts or skirt are put on again and they pull out with bare legs, barefoot into nature. A tick bite can cause borrelia infection, also called Lyme disease. That is the most famous infectious disease that we know from the tick.
Lyme disease is an infectious disease that damages the nervous system. There are 27,000 people per year who get Lyme disease. Most can be treated with an antibiotic, but there is also a group of people who keep persistent complaints.

But did you know that in addition to Lyme disease, you can get two other infections from a tick that can also cause complaints to very serious complaints.?
Honestly, I had no idea about.

Yesterday, a message came out that it is about TBE. At present, there is a trend in the increase in this virus infection.
Unfortunately, there is no medicine against a TBE infection, but one can get vaccinated. I'm going to explain here exactly what TBE is.


TBE (Tick-borne encephalitis)

The most famous species of ticks are hard ticks or shield ticks. The group name lxodidae called. They consist of about 700 species. It is also called the sheep pie. This tick species conveys the following diseases.

  • Borrelia infection (Lyme disease)
  • TBE (also called FSME)
  • alpha — bile syndrome

TBE (Tick-borne encephalitis) has several names such as:

  • RSSE (Russian spring summer encephalitis)
  • CEE (Central — European encephalitis)

RSSE EN CEE are variants and the RSSE variant has the least consequences.

These three terms are all under the name FSME.

FSME means Frühsommer Meningoenzephalitis. It is a virus infection that can transmit a tick to humans. This virus infection is transmitted to humans almost immediately after the bite of a tick. That's a difference from Lyme disease, in which it takes a little longer for the infection to occur in the blood. TBE has two stages of disease.

At the first stage, flu-like complaints may arise, such as:

  • headaches
  • fevers
  • nausea

In about a third of people, the symptoms develop in a second phase where meningitis or meningitis may develop. Half of these people hold complaints and some people may die.


Dissemination sign

In 2016 two cases of TBE virus infection were reported for the first time in the Netherlands. Yesterday Nature Today came out with the news that there are currently many signs active in the Netherlands. The ticking season has started again. In addition to Lyme disease that can spread the tick, the TBE virus is currently found in 9 GGD regions. This is mainly in the Utrechtse Heuvelrug, Sallandse Heuvelrug and Noord-Brabant. But there is a possibility that it is present in more regions. Compared to other countries in Europe where the TBE virus is more common, we also see an increase in the Netherlands, according to biologist Arnold van Vliet of Wageningen University who is appropriate to the trend of increase in European countries, including Germany, Scandinavia, Austria and countries in Eastern Europe. Especially in Germany there was a sharp increase in TBE infections. Fortunately, in the Netherlands the numbers are still low, but one has to be alert. By the way, the chance that you get a borrelia infection by a tick is much higher than a TBE infection.

Do you want to know where the drawing activity is high in the Netherlands? Then there's an app that tells you exactly where the risk areas are. It's called Sign Alert in the Nature Today App.

Alpha-bile syndrome

That the tick species of sheep could also spread Alpha bile syndrome, I had no idea about. Each tick carries the Alpha-gal with it. 
After a bite of a tick, the tick spits the alpha-bile in your blood. 
Also red meat contains the alpha-bile. 
However, the chances are small, but it is certainly important to know and share this information with you. Door het Alpha-bile syndrome ontstaat er een vleesallergie bij mensen die na een tekenbeet rood vlees gaan eten. Except for white meat and poultry.

In the meat is the carbohydrate alpha-bile to which man reacts allergic, because alpha-bile naturally does not occur in the human body.
As soon as the human body comes into contact with the carbohydrate alpha-bile, it produces the immune globulin IgE, causing the allergic reaction. Het Alpha-bile syndrome is ook bekend onder de namen MMA ( Mammalian Meat Allergy ) of alfa-galallergie.

The occurrence of this allergy can be insidious, because certain serious complaints occur slowly after eating meat.
Complaints arise such as:

  • itching
  • hives
  • swellings
  • hives
  • stomach cramps
  • shits
  • nausea
  • headaches
  • asthmatic complaints, such as respiratory symptoms.
  • sneezing
  • runny nose
  • nasal congestion

Serious complaints that may arise after one or a few days appropriate to anaphylactic shock are:

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Madeleine Bosch

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