Twice a year we have a #zonnewende - Yes. That's when the sun reaches the most northern or southern point of the Earth. The sun is then directly above the #kreeftskeerkring or the #steenbokskeerkring - Yes.
In the intervening periods, the sun appears to move (because the sun is still and only rotates around its own axis, it is the earth that rotates around the sun and determines the position of the sun) towards the other circle, causing the days to lengthen, or, conversely, shorter in the other hemisphere.
When the sun shines exactly above the equator, the day and night are exactly the same length.
Insituation 1is the longest day and shortest night (beginning of summer) in the Northern Hemisphere and the shortest day and longest night in the Southern Hemisphere.
TheJuniwdingis usually on June 21 but in the leap year on June 20
In situation 2, in the Northern Hemisphere the shortest day and the longest night (beginning of winter), and in the Southern Hemisphere the longest day and the shortest night.
TheDecemberis usually 21 December but prior to a leap year on 22 December.
FACTS ABOUT THE SOLSTICE
In the northern hemisphere, winter turning has been celebrated for centuries, because it is a moment of the 'new light' after a dark period. The days get longer again from the winter turn. An example of this is the #Yule party.
The Romans celebrated a #zonnewendefeest on December 21 for the god Saturn. A feast with lots of light and fire.
The date of the #Kerstfeest also traced back to the winter solstice. The feast of the Invincible Sun was celebrated as early as the fourth century AD. Christianity may have taken over this date because Christ is also associated with the sun.
Also the #luciafeest is still celebrated in Northern Europe. A light party that is also celebrated annually in the Netherlands in Beek.
This text is based on the texts I found at Wikipedia
I tried to pour it into a blog in my own words, and with my own image, so that it becomes understandable to more people. Should this result in errors in the text, I would like to read that in the comments, so I can adjust it. #factcheck