The comprehensive working process to manufacture a Turkish carpet (process of a Turkish rug)


#Turkstapijt
#ambacht
#kunstig craft


In a meadow in Turkey, a sheep is shaved by the Shepherd. In the summer it is hot and the animal is a bit happy to get rid of that thick coat.
The sheep shepherd is also happy about it. Because, of course, it means extra money. Cheerfully with several bales of sheep's wool, he steps to his neighbour. It has huge machines for washing and combing the wool. He also buys the Shepherd's wool and later resells it to the spinster at a slightly higher price.
The spinster has been trained in the profession from a young age and buys the combed wool from him.
It now looks super white and straight in structure.
This wool is transferred to the dyeing plant.
In Turkey, only vegetable dye is used for the wool.
However, due to an age-old experience, the Dyeers know that not all dye is naturally absorbed by the wool.
That is why aluminum sulphate is added to a waterbed. 50 kg of wool is immersed in it for four hours. This makes the fibers of the wool quite stiff.
So that the product has to be rinsed out again in pure water and centrifuged until dry in a centrifuge.
Then you can start dyeing.
Each color is obtained in a different way.
To convert the wool from beige to brown, a bath of water is filled with finely ground nut shells. Part of the wool is immersed in it.
The red color is obtained with the cochinelle or with madder.
A cochinelle is an aphid that sucks the juice from the flat discs of a cactus to survive.
Centuries ago, this animal was discovered that it gives off a red color when it feels attacked. That color is so invariable that you can never remove it again.
The Astings and the Mayans had discovered and passed this on.
When the Spanish walked in their parts and had seen this from them, they also collected cochineals and put them to dry in caves.
At that time, in Spain, this red dye of the aphids was very expensive. Only the super-rich could have their clothes dyed in it.
It wasn't worth as much as silver.
The Madder is a plant that must be crushed in water to retrieve the red color.
The cochinelles and their eggs are also mixed with water.
Blue is obtained with indigo.
Yellow with kite, beech leaf, goldenrod, turmeric, yellow wood.
Black with galapoles, blue wood, tannin, iron sulphate (continued)




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