The sun has advantages, but also disadvantages

The advantages and disadvantages of the sun

When the sun is shining we can enjoy sitting outside. The sun gives us the necessary vitamin D and energy. We often feel happy when the sun is shining. The substance of endorphins is created which makes us feel comfortable in our skin. Also for certain skin conditions, such as eczema, the sun can make a good contribution, but it is not just benefit. Often we know the disadvantages of sunbathing a bit, but how bad is it all and we take sufficient account of the disadvantages that sunlight has. I was a real sun worshiper in my younger years. For hours I could sunbathe in our backyard or on vacation by the sea. I also went to a tanning salon at a young age, I was 13 years old for the first time to get a nice tan. I was always very pale, especially in my face and even though I baked for hours in the sun, I remained pale. I always smeared my skin with a high factor sunscreen, but I did not build up a pigment. Then go to the tanning salon. I loved that and yes I built up pigment and in no time I was poopy brown. Well, it's such a nice brown touch, but it's a burnt, damaged skin.. Not good at all so. For example, I went to the tanning salon for years and was always brown, burned so actually and it also cost a lot of money, so I bought myself a sun sky. In practice I used it quite little and especially when I read that the solarium is not so healthy for you I took it off the door. In particular, skin cancer also occurs when using a tanning bed. I also noticed that when I sat outside in the sun I could not stand as good as before. Baking for hours is no longer available. And luckily, because it's so good that hours of baking don't. I'm pretty freaked out what sunlight can do on your skin.. Nowadays I'm more in the shade than the sun. 
Also in the last few days I started quietly building up in sunminutes. First fifteen minutes and then out of the sun. Also, I smear with a factor of 30 and make sure I drink enough. I am more aware of the moment of sunbathing how to do it best. 

The disadvantages that you can get from exposure to the sun are:

  • Sun Allergy
  • Burning
  • Heat stroke
  • Skin Aging
  • Skin Cancer


Sun Allergy

Sun allergy or also called PMLE (Polymorphic Lighting) or CPLD (chronic polymorphic light dermatosis) is an allergy to UV radiation that occurs mainly in people and children with light skin color. A skin reaction occurs in the form of itching and rashes. Rashes can look like bumps, spots or vesicles. If you suffer or are prone to a sun allergy, it is important to accustom your skin to sunlight step by step. So do not lie in the sun for an hour immediately, but build it up in minutes. Lubricate your skin well with a sunscreen with a minimum factor of 30. If you have light skin, take a factor of 50. Take a sunscreen that protects against UVA AND UVB. Please note that the package contains an SPF value and a UVA logo. If you suffer from sun allergy, remove the itching and rash usually after a few days. If not, lubricate your skin with a cooling gel or cream. With severe skin rashes, a prednisolone course is sometimes necessary. With sun allergy in children, you can put wet cloths on the skin or treat them with a cooling gel or menthol powder. Avoid the sun if you get rashes. Never sit in the sun between 11.00 en 15.00 uur, want dan heeft de zon de meeste sterkte. If you are prone to rashes make sure to wear covered clothing and wear sunglasses, cap or sunhat.

Also from the tanning bed you can get sun allergy and even if you are sitting behind glass, sitting in the shade or under a parasol. Most often, complaints of sun allergy occur in the spring, and if, for example, you go on vacation to the sun in winter. Sometimes you can also develop sun allergy in combination with sunlight and certain medications, for example, certain antibiotics. Certain plants, fruits or herbs such as citrus fruit, nettle or celery can also cause skin rashes. And even certain sunscreens that contain perfumes.



I remember it well. It's on a hot summer day that I went to the pool with my sister. We had smeared ourselves in the morning and went for a day swimming. To then also spend hours lying in the pool on a towel and by the nice swimming, playing, food we never thought about to grease ourselves in between.

We came home and our bodies, especially our backs, shoulders and legs were bright red and within a few hours our skin also felt very warm and we got sick. We got a fever, nauseous and I remember we couldn't lie or move from the pain. Every time we were treated with menthol powder by our mother. It took us a week before we felt a little better. We also found the shedding of the skin very annoying.

Sunburn ( dermatitis solaris ) treedt op door overmatige blootstelling aan de UV stralen van de zon. The skin gives an acute reaction because it feels burning and pulling. The skin often also begins to turn red. People with different skin types can get a sun burn.

Sun burning can be divided into four degrees.

With a first degree and second degree burn, the skin becomes red and warm, but does not give blistering. With a second degree burn, the skin will peel. This can give itching or be painful. With a third or fourth degree burn, the skin becomes swollen and blisters appear on the skin that are very painful. Also, you can get irregular skin formation. In addition to the skin reaction, you can also get complaints such as nausea, headache, vomiting, chills, fever, palpitations.

How to treat burnt skin?

  • Put wet cloths on your skin and lubricate your skin with an aftersun lotion or cooling gel.
  • If you have pain, take an analgesic, such as paracetamol in.

In case of a very severe burn such as a third degree or fourth degree burn, you can do the following:

  • Take a lukewarm shower
  • Drinking a lot
  • To consult a doctor for a review that it can possibly be treated with special ointment or medication.

Give the skin time to recover after a burn. So no longer sit or lie down in the sun. Do not cover the burned skin with clothes.


Heat stroke

Heat stroke has two variants, a milder variant the heat stroke, but also a serious variant called heat stroke or solar stroke called. Heat stroke gaat gepaard met ziekteverschijnselen die optreden na teveel zon of warmte. Our body regulates to keep our body temperature at 36 to 37 degrees Celsius. This is regulated by our brain, and with a sunstroke, the body can not get rid of its heat. Heat stroke disregulates the temperature and rises to a high body temperature of up to 42 degrees Celsius. In addition, it pulls fluid out of your body, which makes it possible to dehydration high. Heat stroke has a course of two different stages of disease symptoms from a mild to a severe variant.

With a mild phase, the following symptoms of the disease can develop:

  • warm skin that turns red and becomes dry
  • headaches
  • chills
  • sweats
  • nausea
  • increased heart rate
  • myalgia
  • very thirst
  • flaccid feeling
  • dilated pupils
  • feel dizzy

In severe course of the second stage also called heat stroke or heat stroke, the following symptoms of the disease may develop:

  • rapid breathing
  • fevers
  • confusion
  • unrest
  • aggressive behavior
  • drowsiness
  • increased heart rate
  • irregular heartbeat
  • epilepsy or shock (this can happen if the body temperature rises rapidly above 40 degrees Celsius.)
  • fainting
  • can't move properly anymore
  • shits
  • headaches

What can you do with a mild sunstroke

  1. Sufficient drinking
  2. shadow lookup
  3. cover your skin with wet cloths
  4. take lukewarm shower, never cool water, because then you can get hypothermia
  5. contact the general practitioner if the symptoms of the disease do not decrease.

With a severe sunstroke, a life-threatening situation can arise

  1. Take someone inside and put them in a dark room
  2. Put someone's legs up so the blood can flow to the brain
  3. Keep cooling those with wet cloths with (lukewarm), never too cold, otherwise someone may become hypothermic
  4. Always call emergency services.
  5. Do not give food or drink.

How to avoid sunstroke?

  • Avoid the sun between 11.00 en 15.00 uur
  • Drink enough water. At least 2 liters of fluid per day.
  • Do not drink alcohol. Alcohol acts diuretic.
  • Every two hours you smear with a sunburn.
  • Wear white clothes. White clothing causes sunlight to reflect.
  • Wear airy clothes.
  • Protect your head and neck by wearing a cap, sunhat and sunglasses.
  • Make sure you do not get salt deficiency at high temperatures. This can be solved by eating, for example, broth or salty crackers. A sports drink also helps.
  • Avoid physical exertion at high temperatures.
  • Take a lukewarm shower to cool your body.
  • If you notice that you are getting complaints, immediately look for the shadow.


Skin Aging

Our facial skin can cause skin aging due to sun exposure. We see this from wrinkles, pigmentation spots and the skin loses its elasticity. This is what we call solar damage. The UV radiation from the sun has more than 80% effect on this. The most important advice in case of aging is to keep protecting you by lubricating it with a sunscreen. Not only in the summer months, but also during the autumn and winter months it is important to keep lubricating your skin with at least a factor of 15. UV radiation on your skin is also in the shade or even behind glass.

The following things are also important to prevent skin aging:

  • Drinking plenty of water
  • A good night's sleep, so that the skin cells can recover.
  • No smoking.
  • Useful not too much alcohol or try to avoid.
  • Healthy food containing vitamins A, C and E, the so-called antioxidants, such as eggs, fatty fish, dairy products, meat, whole grain cereals, vegetables and fruits, such as citrus fruits, kiwi, paprika, cabbage varieties, carrots, sweet potatoes, avocado. With tired skin, vitamin B is also very important.
  • Smear your skin well with a moisturizing cream.


Skin Cancer

The sun affects the skin so much that it is the main cause of skin cancer. One in six Dutch has to deal with skin cancer. We often think that if we have beautiful brown-toned skin, we look healthy. So we keep baking for hours in the sun, while you have certain hours of sunshine between 11.00 en 15.00 uur beter kan vermijden en de schaduw opzoeken. Skin Cancer is een van de meest voorkomende soorten kanker. Spots on the skin that have had a lot of sunlight, such as the face, torso, hands, arms and legs are prone to skin cancer. UVA rays penetrate deep through the skin and can cause skin cancer. Often develops that in the longer term. The damage is often visible only years later. This also applies to the use of the tanning bed.

Skin Cancer is onder te verdelen in verschillende soorten, namelijk basaalcelcarcinoom, plaveiselcel- carcinoom, melanoom en nog een paar zeldzame soorten. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common and basal cell carcinoma is the most favorable form that can rarely metastasize and is well treatable and almost everyone can cure this form. In squamous cell carcinoma there is a chance of metastasis, but it is often treatable and the predictions for recovery are often favorable. A melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer that develops in the pigment cells of the skin and metastasizes more quickly in other parts of the body compared to the other two forms of skin cancer. A melanoma can arise both on a cool skin or from a motherwort.

The probability of getting melanoma depends on a number of factors, namely:

  • with prolonged and many years of exposure to the sun
  • have made a lot of use of a tanning bed
  • if your skin has often been burned by the sun
  • if you have had a lot and often sun on your skin as a child.
  • if you have light skin and easily burned by the sun
  • if you have freckles and easily burned by the sun
  • if you have red hair and easily burned by the sun
  • if you have light eyes and easily burned by the sun
  • if you naturally have light blond hair and easily burned by the sun
  • if you have more than 100 moles on your skin
  • if you have five or more troubled moles on your skin, such as an enlarged or thickened birthmark, a birthmark that is about to bleed, a birthmark that changes color, itching. Always a reason to have it checked by a GP.
  • Heredity for melanoma
  • with previous irradiation or light treatment
  • years of drug use, such as, for example, prednisolone
  • chemotherapy
  • with previous form of skin cancer

Regularly check your skin for blemishes on moles and consult a doctor. A melanoma that is in a precancerous stage can then be treated on time and the chance of healing is higher.


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Madeleine Bosch

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