Too high blood pressure (hypertension)
When do you have too high blood pressure and what can you do about it? Is
it dangerous and are there any drugs for it?
What is blood pressure
Blood is pumped through the arteries by the heart. The pressure on the
arteries are called blood pressure. Sometimes the pressure on the walls of the
arteries too high. If the heart squeezes and the blood passes through the
arteries, you call that the upper pressure. The upper pressure is therefore the
highest number measured at blood pressure. The underpressure, the
lowest number, is measured when the heart relaxes and thus there
is the slightest pressure on the artery wall. You have high blood pressure,
when it is 140/90, if it is at different times and several
has been measured times.
Elderly people have too high blood pressure more often. This is because the
blood vessels, when age, become stiffer.
What can happen with too high blood pressure?
When you have too high blood pressure, the probability of cardiac and
vascular diseases are larger. Also, the likelihood of a cerebral hemorrhage is increased.
But also the walls of the vessels are damaged. Because the
arteries narrow, due to arteriosclerosis, which develops due to the
damage, the organs are supplied with less blood, causing
can also no longer work optimally.
Fall of the kidneys and vision may be the first signs
, from damage at too high blood pressure.
What can you do now to prevent high blood pressure. A high
You can not prevent blood pressure, but you can do a lot yourself
to prevent it as much as possible. For example, you could:
* may quit smoking
* Watch your weight
* start moving enough
* Do not consume too much alcohol
* little salt food
* healthy eating
* Avoid stress as much as possible
The nicotine contained in cigarettes, make the blood vessels more closely, also causes smoking
for a faster heart rate. As a result, you could suffer faster
getting too high blood pressure. Also from fats and salt, has been proven
that this can lead to too high blood pressure. Someone who
is heavy, has an increased likelihood of too high blood pressure, the heart should
more do its best to pump the blood through the body.
How do I know if I have too high blood pressure
Actually, you almost never notice that you have too high blood pressure
have. Sometimes daily it can suffer from headaches, a sign
, but of course that is not always the case. Too high a
blood pressure can only be measured by your
GP. You can also do this yourself, when you use a blood pressure monitor
. Do not assume one measurement, but measure your blood pressure
number of days in a row and at different times. Through this
you get a better overview of when your blood pressure is higher and
when lower. You might have done something to do before you
you started to measure blood pressure, then your blood pressure will also be higher, then
when you've been quietly watching TV for a while.
There are antihypertensive drugs, which a doctor can
write. This is actually a medicine, which you can no longer get rid of
Comes. Without this drug, blood pressure will rise again, so it is
wise to continue to swallow the medication. At the same time it
necessarily take into account what you eat, your movement pattern,
that you decrease in alcohol consumption and that you quit smoking. Your
You will have to switch to a healthier lifestyle.
* Drinking coffee can increase blood pressure for a while, due to the caffeine
that it contains. Nevertheless, the effect disappears quite quickly and
coffee drink, when you drink 2 to 4 cups of coffee a day, not
bad for high blood pressure.
* Licorice, also sweet licorice and English licorice, contains a substance, which
blood pressure increased, so do not eat licorice at high blood pressure!
* If you want to visit the sauna, please note that the
blood vessels open due to the heat, but due to the cooling
they constrict again. This can have unpleasant consequences. Take
before going to the sauna first contact your family doctor, this
can advise you if you are doing the right thing!
* To monitor blood pressure annually is sufficient. Is the
blood pressure is too high, then the doctor will agree with you differently.
Too low blood pressure
Of too low blood pressure you can speak if the blood pressure is 100/60
in women and in men 100/70 The causes of which can be:
* come into motion after a long standstill, such as getting up from a chair or bed
* severe blood loss
* bacterial infection
* heart failure
* sluggishly functioning thyroid
* kidney disease
* neurological disorders
Because of too low blood pressure, not all organs get enough blood,
which can cause oxygen starvation in certain organs. The
brain is an example of this and will be the first to
give the following complaints:
* chest pain
Low blood pressure is generally not dangerous, but difficult
when you often suffer from fainting. For this you can also
better contact the general practitioner.