What are human resources?



Human resources refer to the group of individuals who work for a company or organization. These are the most valuable assets of an organization which plays a crucial role in achieving its goal. Human resource is also a department in many organizations to manage the workforce and yield best output from them, Let us understand what are human resources and their role in an organization?

What are human resources?

Human resources (HR) is the section of a company responsible for locating, screening, hiring, and training job candidates, managing employee benefit programs, and all employee-related matters.
HR plays a crucial role in aiding firms in dealing with a fast-changing business climate and a rising need for qualified workers in the twenty-first century. In his book "The Distribution of Wealth," published in 1893, American institutional economist John R. Commons invented the word "human resource." Many business strategists believe human resources to be the most significant of all firm resources. That is because people can learn new abilities, allowing a company's competitive edge to grow over time. Other resources cannot do so.

What is Human Resources department meant for?

The HR department is in charge of a long-range of responsibilities. HR specialists are responsible for the following tasks in addition to recruiting and firing:

•    Recruiting
•    Checking candidate’s backgrounds
•    Testing for drugs
•    Relocation
•    Professional growth and training
•    Creating a compensation plan
•    Plan of support for employees
•    Outplacement
•    Payroll management
•    Administration of benefits
•    Employee relations
•    Assisting with work-related injuries or accidents

What is HR's role for employees?

1.    Providing opportunities for growth: Slow growth is terrible for business, so it's a good idea to retain your best personnel. HR may set up career pathways for employees to follow to ensure that they will have a bright future with the firm.

2.    Providing continuous training opportunities: Additional training is sometimes necessary for professional advancement. Your company may offer educational support, and HR may aid in determining which classes and training programs would be most beneficial to an employee on his chosen career path.


3.    Educating and assisting managers: Managers do not appear out of anywhere. They are made. HR may assist managers with management support, ensuring that departments and teams are as healthy and functional as possible. That might entail sending managers to formal pieces of training and retreats regularly.

4.    Promoting good health and well-being: It's critical to keep in mind that employees are humans. They'll need help coping with mental and physical health issues, debt, pregnancy, adoption, and several other issues. HR can assist employees in dealing with any of these situations.

5.    Monitoring of performance: Human resources manager use to monitor the Individual and departmental performance throughout the organization.


6.    The culture of the company: HR addresses difficulties with worker satisfaction, environmental conditions, and office politics to promote a healthy business culture.

7.    Salary negotiations and compensation: HR are a company’s employees which take care of establishing and managing pay, sick leave, vacation time, stock options, bonuses, retirement plans, and health plans, as well as other compensation benefits.

A well-functioning HR department guarantees that a firm has all of the right personnel which firm requires. So, it is necessary to have a well-established human resource department in any firm to maintain quality of work and supportive work culture.

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