What Are The Classical Dance Forms In India | sameerbedar07

What Are The Classical Dance Forms In India

Origin

Excavations, inscriptions, chronicles, genealogies of kings and artists, literary sources, sculpture and painting of different intervals grant substantial evidence on dance in India. Contemporary classical dance varieties have evolved out of the musical play or sangeet-nataka: carried out from the 12th century to the 19th century. The Indian classical dances have two simple elements - Tandava (movement & rhythm) and Lasya: (grace, bhava & rasa). The three predominant components are-

Natya: (the dramatic factor of the dance i.e. the imitation of characters)

Nritta: (the dance actions in their simple form)

Nritya: (expressional factors i.e. mudras or gestures).

The nine rasas are - Love, Heroism, Pathos, Humour, Anger, Fear, Disgust, Wonder and Peace. The Natya Shastra written by means of Bharat Muni is the most prominent source for the Indian aestheticians for establishing the traits of the dances.


The Various Forms Of Classical Dance In India are:


Bharatnatyam (Tamil Nadu)

The Abhinaya Darpana by using Nandikesvara is one of the major sources of textual material, for the find out about of the method and grammar of physique movement in Bharatnatyam Dance. Bharatnatyam dance is recognised to be ekaharya, the place one dancer takes on many roles in a single performance. The dance includes transitional actions of leg, hip and arm. Expressive eye actions and hand gestures are used to deliver emotions. The accompanying orchestra consists of a vocalist, a mridangam player, violinist or veena player, a flautist and a cymbal player. The character who conducts the dance recitation is the Nattuvanar.


Kathak (North India) 

The phrase Kathak has been derived from the phrase Katha which capability a story. It was specially a temple or village performance whereby the dancers narrated testimonies from historic scriptures. Kathak began evolving into a wonderful mode of dance in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries with the unfold of the bhakti movement. The legends of Radha-Krishna have been enacted in people plays called rasa lila, which mixed folk dance with the fundamental gestures of the kathak story-tellers. Under the Mughal emperors and their nobles, Kathak was once performed in the court, where it received its current aspects and developed into a form of dance with a specific style.
Under the patronage of Wajid Ali Shah, the ultimate Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a essential art form.


Kathakali (Kerala)

Chakiarkoothu, Koodiyattam, Krishnattam and Ramanattam are few of the ritual performing arts of Kerala which have had a direct have an impact on on Kathakali in its form and technique. Kathakali is a combo of dance, track and appearing and dramatizes stories, which are in the main tailored from the Indian epics. Heavy make-up and amazing costumes (elaborate masks, large skirts and huge head-dresses) are used. The dancers enact the roles (kings, gods, demons etc.) of the memories with particular make-up and costume, the vocalists narrate the legend and the percussionists play the musical instruments. Different facial hues point out different mental degrees & character, e.g. green – nobility, black – wicked, purple patches – combining royalty & evil.


Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh)

Kuchipudi is the identify of a village in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh which has a very long way of life of dance-drama. It was known underneath the popular title of Yakshagaana. In seventeenth century Kuchipudi fashion of Yakshagaana was once conceived with the aid of Siddhendra Yogi. He was once steeped in the literary Yakshagaana culture being guided by using his guru Teerthanaaraayana Yogi who composed the Krishna-Leelatarangini, a kaavya in Sanskrit. It is carried out as dance drama i.e. performance in groups and additionally as solo items. Costumes, ornaments and jewelry occupy an important place. The solo objects are Manduka Shabdam (story of frog maiden), Balgopala Taranga (dance on the edges of brass plate with a pitcher full of water on head) and Tala Chitra Nritya (drawing images with dancing toes). Yamini Krishnamurthy and Raja Reddy are outstanding dancers.


Mohiniyattam (Kerala)

Mohiniyattam or dance of Mohini (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu) is the classical solo dance structure of Kerala. References of Mohiniyattam can be found in the texts Vyavaharamala written in 1709 with the aid of Mazhamagalam Narayanan Namputiri and in Ghoshayatra, written later by means of poet Kunjan Nambiar. It was once structured into the current day classical format by way of the Travancore Kings, Maharaja Kartika Tirunal and his successor Maharaja Swati Tirunal (18th-19th century) Mostly a solo performance via women with round movements, refined footsteps and delicate expressions.


Odissi (Odisha)

A smooth dance backed through soothing lyrics and is similar to Bharatanatyam in phrases of the mudras and expressions. Sonal Mansingh and Kelucharan Mohapatra are the eminent performers.


Sattriya (Assam)

The Sattriya dance form used to be delivered in the fifteenth century A.D by using the Vaishnava saint and reformer of Assam, Sankaradeva as a medium for propagation of the Vaishnava faith. The dance structure evolved and expanded as a one-of-a-kind fashion of dance later on. Because of its non secular persona and affiliation with the Sattras (Vaishnava maths or monasteries), this dance style has been named Sattriya.


Summary

As you can see India is a very elaborate subculture full of diversities which makes our way of life unique as a whole. and I hope that with the aid of analyzing this piece you will recognize that dance is full of passion and technique. As Rukmini Devi says “Many humans have stated many things. I can only say I did now not consciously go after dance, it determined me, you apprehend that dance is universal.

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