Lower back pain is one the common health ailments that compel individuals to book a doctor appointment. It is usually caused by a back muscle or tendon injury, but it can also be caused by a variety of accidents, illnesses, or diseases. The pain severity could range from mild to severe. In some cases, pain might make it difficult or impossible to walk, sleep, work, or complete other daily duties. Let us understand the distressing health condition closely and what causes lower back pain?

What causes lower back pain?

A multitude of injuries, illnesses, and diseases can cause lower back stiffness. Some most prevalent reasons are as follows:
•    Back Strains and Sprains: Back muscles, tendons, and ligaments can be harmed by lifting excessively heavy items or not doing the same with a correct posture.
•    Fractures: During an accident, such as a car collision or a fall, the bones in the spine might break. Fractures can also happen in circumstances like spondylolysis or osteoporosis. All these conditions could lead to lower back pain.
•    Structural Problems: When the spinal column becomes too thin for the spinal cord, it is known as spinal stenosis. Something compressing the spinal cord could cause sciatic nerve discomfort and lower back pain. Scoliosis (abnormal curvature of the spine) can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving.
•  Arthritis: Osteoarthritis is a variant of arthritis that causes lower back discomfort.
•    Disease: Back discomfort can be caused by tumors in the spine, infections, and many other types of cancer. Kidney stones and an abdominal aortic aneurysm can also cause back discomforts.
•    Spondylolisthesis: The vertebrae in the spine slip out of place as a result of this disorder. Spondylolisthesis is a condition that causes low back pain and, in some cases, leg pain.

How to diagnose Low Back Pain?
To diagnose the condition, your doctor will most likely ask for a detailed medical history and do a thorough physical examination. A physical examination might also reveal whether or not pain is limiting your range of motion. Your reflexes and responses to particular stimuli may also be tested by your doctor. This establishes if your nerves are being affected by your low back discomfort.
Unless you have alarming or incapacitating symptoms or neurologic loss, your doctor would most likely keep an eye on your situation for a few weeks before recommending tests. This is because the majority of low back pain may be treated with basic self-care techniques. Certain symptoms, such as lack of bowel control, weakness, fever, and weight loss, necessitate further investigation. In the same way, if your low back pain persists despite home treatment, your doctor may wish to request more testing.
If you have any of these symptoms in addition to low back pain, seek medical help right once.

Low back discomfort affects millions of people. Stiffness, discomfort, and restricted mobility can all have a negative impact on one's quality of life. Maintaining a healthy weight and remaining active, on the other hand, may help you avoid lower back pain. If your back discomfort persists or prevents you from doing the things you enjoy, see your doctor. Several therapies are available to help you decrease pain, improve your mobility, and get more out of life.

Note: The purpose of this article is to create general awareness among the readers. The information provided is not meant to be used for self-diagnosis or as a substitute to medical practitioner's recommendations. In case you find above stated symptoms in you or your known, kindly consult a physician or a specialist regarding diagnosis and treatment.

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What causes Lower Back Pain?