Bed Bugs are small, wingless insects that survive exclusively on the blood of warm-blooded animals.

Newborn bed bugs, called hatchlings or nymphs, are minute but apparent and poppy seeds in size. When bedbugs are not feeding, they evolve to about 0.25 inches long with an egg and are flat-shaped. After feeding, they can be twice their actual size. Nymphs, eggs and mature bed bugs are apparent to the naked eye.


Where they live?

We call them bed bugs because they live in human houses, sofas, bed mattresses and pillows, clothing and other soft furnishings. They also live in the dark space at home

Bedbugs are found in all kinds of habitats, including private homes, dormitories, cruise ships, army barracks, and shelters. Their increasing population is a serious problem.

They can range from white, light tan to dark brown or burnt orange. A dark red or black spot can be seen inside their body after taking human blood. They also have their hideouts in the dark cracks and crevices of the house.

Fact about bedbugs

● Bedbugs are small wingless insects that obtain their food from the blood of warm-blooded animals.

● Most Bed Bugs suck the blood of their hosts while they are sleeping.

● Bedbugs are more active between midnight and 5 in the morning.

● The bite marks made by them can be seen within 14 days.

● Bed bugs need regular food i.e. blood to breed, lay eggs and survive.

Symptoms

Most bed bugs take food from their hosts at bedtime.  They suck blood painlessly.

While sucking blood, they inject a small amount of their saliva into the host's skin. If they continue to suck on the blood of a particular person for several weeks, the person may become more sensitive to the saliva and the chemicals in it, and the host may eventually develop allergies.

Bedbug and flea bites are almost the same. They cut in rows of two or three because when the bedbug is interrupted while sucking the blood, it comes down about half an inch the next time.

Treatment

● topical creams, such as cortisone for itching

● an antibiotic, if irritation of the skin around the bite has led to an infection

● Corticosteroids, effective in severe allergies.

Prevention

● Pest control is the effective way to control bedbugs

● Do not put the suitcase with bedding and other clothing after you get home from a trip.

● Be sure to vacuum the items you took with you after you return home.

● Do not reuse a used bag during travel.

● Separate infected clothing from the laundry and wash them immediately in hot water.

Conclusion

If you have bed bugs in your home, call a professional.  Do not attempt to resolve the infection by yourself. Bed Bugs can spread from one room to another because of clothing or any number of other reasons. Your attempt to remove them can often make matters worse. Bed bugs are disease carriers and can affect a person's lifestyle, causing discomfort, restlessness, embarrassment and sleep disturbances.





What does bed bugs look like?