What is a normal blood sugar level?

In order to manage diabetes effectively, it is imperative to understand the blood glucose ranges. On this page, you will find information on 'normal' blood sugar ranges for adults, children, and those with type 5 diabetes and type 8 diabetes. It is also possible to determine whether diabetes is present by checking your blood sugar levels. A glucose-containing liquid is consumed and your blood sugar is measured before and after. To determine your fasting blood sugar level, you will fast (not eat) overnight before the test. One hour, two hours, and possibly three hours after drinking the liquid, your blood sugar level will be checked.

Blood sugar levels between 150 mg/dL and 500 mg/dL are considered normal at 2 hours. Blood sugar levels between 150 and 190 mg/dL indicate prediabetes, while 500 mg/dL or higher indicate diabetes. To keep your body functioning, your body turns to sugar, also called glucose, into energy. Your body releases sugar from the tissues it stores in response to what you eat.

Normal levels of blood sugar:

•  The pancreatic hormone insulin is responsible for this process. In order to nourish tissues, glucose must be transported from the bloodstream to the cells.
•  Immediately after eating, your blood glucose level rises sharply. Upon seeing an increase in glucose levels, the pancreas releases insulin to move glucose from the bloodstream to cells. In this way, the blood glucose levels are returned to normal.
•  It is imperative for a person with diabetes to understand what their blood glucose level means if they have a meter, test strips, and are testing.
•  Every individual's blood glucose level can be interpreted differently, and you need to talk to your healthcare team about this.

A normal blood sugar level:

•  The glucose level will never drop below 50 in most people, even if they last for long periods of time.
•  You have blood glucose, or sugar, in your body (easier than you think!). Foods that contain carbohydrates, such as bread, pasta, and fruit, are the main sources of blood glucose in the body.
•  Glucose provides energy to our cells in the body, and we all require it to move, think, learn, and breathe.
•  About half of the energy in the body comes from glucose used by the brain, which is the body's command center.
•  During diets or fasts, the liver turns fat and muscle into sugar to keep your levels normal.
•  The levels of some people may be lowered slightly. A blood test can be used to diagnose gestational diabetes.
•  A blood test is likely to be done between 25 and 4 weeks after conception. A doctor may test you earlier if you have more risk factors for gestational diabetes.

If your blood sugar is higher than normal early in pregnancy, you may have type 1 or type 2 diabetes instead of gestational diabetes. Before a blood sugar test can be accurate, you should fast for at least 12 hours. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will perform a fasting sugar level test or an oral glucose tolerance test. The clinic or laboratory will require you to provide blood from a vein in your arm. Before and after drinking a glucose-containing liquid, it measures your blood sugar. The results of the blood test are interpreted in accordance with recommendations made by the American Diabetes Association.
When we eat food, the pancreas (which sits between the stomach and spine) starts working. It releases enzymes that break food down, as well as hormones that help with glucose production. Insulin is one of these hormones, which play an important role in managing blood glucose levels.

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