What is an ETF?

An ETF (Exchange-Traded Fund) is a collection of various securities such as bonds, shares, money market instruments, etc., by which an underlying asset is tracked. ETFs provide information about the best features of mutual funds and stocks.

Categories of exchange traded funds (ETFs)

Several ETFs are available according to the demands of the investors. The following are the ETFs available to an individual -

Bond ETFs

Bond ETFs provide exposure to different types of bonds. Investing in ETFs bond is a excellence way to control investment volatility and diversify a portfolio.

Currency ETFs

These securities allow investors to conduct money market transactions without having to purchase a particular currency. Such investments are beneficial for tracking price movements in a specific currency or terms of currencies and making profits.

Inverse ETFs

Inverse ETFs maintain the contrast offered by the underlying market index. With ETFs funds, share prices vary according to the opposite direction of the inverse ETF stock.

Liquid ETFs

Liquid ETFs funds are intended for short-term government securities, such as investing in money and money market instruments, to reduce price risk and increase returns. Also, the Liquid ETF maintains the liquidity.

Gold ETFs

Gold ETFs securities give investors the option to place claims in the bullion market without buying physical gold. You can also buy ETFs related to precious metals in general.

Index ETFs

Index ETFs funds control the movement of their underlying index. Index ETFs are divided into replica and representative ETFs. Replica ETFs are index instruments by which investments are made in the security under the index. Representative ETFs invest the fund corpus in representative samples and the rest in futures, options, etc. of other securities.

Benefits of exchange traded funds (ETFs)


ETFs can be sold on stock exchanges throughout the day. Some of these funds do more traded than others funds. The more regularly a fund is traded, the easier it is to find an interested seller or buyer.

Less expensive

ETFs have less expense than other mutual funds.  ETF shareholders are not obligated to pay for the team of managers, analysts and brokers to trade the fund or manage the inflow and outflow of the fund.


Investors can disclose their holdings quarterly through ETF fund holdings and daily NAV disclosures of open-ended schemes and closed-ended schemes.


ETFs are used by investors to diversify their portfolios into horizontal sectors such as industry factor styles or countries. ETFs are traded on almost every major asset class, currency and commodity in the world.


ETFs are a rapidly growing financial product. It is similar to mutual funds. ETFs allow investors to seek focused investments in a specific industry, asset class, sector or currency at a reasonable cost. They are useful for those who are searching forward to an asset division perspective to investing. It is easy to find an exchange-traded fund that focuses on asset classes and also has a very low connection with the rest of your portfolio.

What is an ETF in stocks?

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