Hyaluronic acid is a skin-care component that puts you on the fast track to moisturised skin. It's an active ingredient in almost every type of skin-care product imaginable, including serums, cleansers, moisturisers, and more.

There's a reason hyaluronic acid is so popular: it not only moisturises the face well, but it also reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles since plump, hydrated skin is less noticeable.

What Is Hyaluronic Acid?

According to a previous study, it's a category of sugar molecules known as polysaccharides.
According to the Cleveland Clinic, these molecules cushion and lubricate the body's connective tissues, and they're found naturally in the body's connective tissues.

Your body's hyaluronic acid supplies deplete over time. According to a previous study, age is one factor, but environmental variables such as smoking and air pollution also hasten the process.

Topical solutions containing hyaluronic acid, whether as part of the ingredients list in a moisturiser or as the star of a serum, can help restore those depleted levels, according to Bonnie Gasquet, MD, an internal medicine physician at Studio Health medical centre in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.

"Hyaluronic acid attracts and bonds to water molecules, increasing the water content of the skin." According to Dr. Marchbein, it can absorb 1,000 times its weight in water.

What Are Hyaluronic Acid's Advantages?

The main advantage of hyaluronic acid is its incredible capacity to retain moisture. To appreciate how vital moisture is for the skin, you must first realise that dehydrated skin appears dry, rough, and flaky when the top layer of skin lacks enough water, according to Marchbein.

It's not only a question of taste. Skin that is too dry might be hazardous. Marchbein explains that "poorly hydrated skin is unable to maintain an adequately maintained skin barrier, leaving the skin more exposed to injury from external and environmental sources."

According to a study published in BMC Research Notes, when the skin barrier is compromised, bacteria can enter the body and cause infection.

According to a study published in the Journal of Allergy and Therapy, compromised skin barriers can play a role in a variety of skin problems, including dry skin, atopic dermatitis, rosacea, and acne.

How Do the Three Types of Hyaluronic Acid Differ?

Hyaluronic acid is divided into three types:

hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid

is hyaluronic acid that has been broken down into small enough atoms to permeate the skin.

It's hydrating, but not excessively so, so it's great for persons with oily or mixed skin who don't want to over-moisturize.

sodium hyaluronate

it penetrates deeper into the skin and produces even better outcomes, however the effects aren't long-lasting. "Sodium hyaluronate is best for persons with regular skin because it allows moisture to flow in but doesn't provide a strong, long-lasting effect."

This is the active ingredient in most serums.

Sodium acetylated hyaluronate

is a type of hyaluronate that has been acetylated.

What Is Hyaluronic Acid?