What is music?

Music is a collection of coordinated sounds. Making music is the process of placing sounds and tones in a sequence, often combined to create a uniform composition. People who make music creatively organize sounds for a desired result, such as a Beethoven symphony or one of Duke Ellington's jazz songs. Music consists of sounds, vibrations and quiet moments and it doesn't always have to be pleasant or beautiful. It can be used to convey a whole range of experiences, environments and emotions.


Music is much more than just entertainment. It has been a feature of every known human society: anthropologists and sociologists have not yet found any culture in the course of human history that has not yet had music. Many evolutionary psychologists nowadays even make the argument that music preceded the language. Primitive tribes and religious practices have been using music for thousands of years to reach enlightened states, and Pythagoras used music to cure various psychological and physical ailments. Music always includes combinations of pitch, timbre, rhythm, dynamics, tempo, texture, melody and harmony, which create an overall structure. By combining these elements in different ways, a huge diversity of music is created. Great musicians have a passionate bond with the music they play. Although the music itself is their most important and accurate expression of how they think about music, they have also managed to say a few gripping things to describe what music is for them.

Music theory

Many people around the world can not read or write, but they can still communicate their thoughts and feelings verbally fine. Similarly, many intuitive, self-taught musicians have never learned to read or write music and find the whole idea of learning music theory tedious and unnecessary. However, like the educational leaps that can come with learning to read and write, music theory can help musicians master new techniques, perform unknown musical styles and develop the confidence they need to try new things. There remain many unanswered questions about old music, such as why so many different cultures came up with so many independent tone qualities in their music that were completely independent of each other. Many theorists have concluded that certain nut patterns just sound good for listeners, and certain other patterns do not. Music theory could then, quite simply, be defined as a search for how and why music sounds right or wrong. In other words, the purpose of music theory is to explain why something sounded like it did and how that sound can be recreated.

Music in ancient times

Around 500 AD, known as 'The Dark Ages, Christians established universities, mainly teaching music, art and literature. During this time Pope Gregory I collected and recorded the music, which we now know as the Gregorian chants. These chants were the only approved church chants. Much later, the University of Notre Dame in Paris saw a new kind of music, Organium. This music was sung all over Europe by the troubadours from France. It was during the Middle Ages that - Western. - Yeah culture recognized the arrival of the first great name in music: Guillaume de Machant. Because of the growth of humanism, holy music began to rise outside the church for the first time. A school for composers in the Netherlands trained people for the art of polyphony. The music flourished during this period and instrumental music and dance music were composed in abundance, but this was not always written down. When the composers rebelled, a new era began for music: the Baroque. Also the opera, the instrumental and the choir music were strong.


Music evolution

From about 1750 to 1820 the artists, architects and musicians no longer wanted to make music like in the Baroque period. Instead, they designed a bright style, which they thought reminded of classical Greece. There was a need for impersonal but toned and elegant music. Composers came from all over Europe to attend school in Vienna and they gradually developed the standard forms of music that would be used in the coming years. Classical times reached its peak with symphonies, sonatas and string quartets by the three greatest composers of the Viennese school: Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig von Beethoven. At the same time Romantic music was composed by Franz Schubert. After this period, people felt that music didn't have enough emotion. There had to be more emotion. The composers put their personal feelings into the music. The composers from other countries wanted to express the musical spirit of their own country and so the music has evolved more and more. The music was also developed by improving existing instruments and designing new instruments.

Characteristics of music

In addition to the features of an individual note, there are also those that describe the composition or combination of musical notes:

  • Harmony: notes of different pitches merged together to create a new sound.
  • Rhythm: a series of different notes in time being repeated.
  • Texture: refers to the different layers of a piece of music, including instrumental sound and voice. This includes melody and accompaniment or all instruments that play independent lines simultaneously.
  • Tempo: The speed of the music, such as fast or slow, that can vary within a piece of music.
  • Melody: sequentially combining tones of different pitches to create a tune.
  • Structure: the layout of these individual and compositional elements, which form the general plan of a piece of music.

Types of music

  1. African music
  2. Acoustic music
  3. Alternative music
  4. Arabic music
  5. Asian music
  6. Baroque music
  7. Bas
  8. - Blues. - Yeah
  9. Brazilian music
  10. - Britpop. - Yeah
  11. Cabaret
  12. Chillout
  13. - Country. - Yeah
  14. Dance music
  15. Dancepunk
  16. Drum! Drum
  17. Dubstep
  18. Electronic music
  19. Emo music
  20. European music
  21. Movie music
  22. Gospel
  23. Goth music
  24. Greek music
  25. - Grunge. - Yeah
  26. Hardcore
  27. Hard Oh, rock
  28. Heavy Metal
  29. Hindi music
  30. Hip Hop
  31. - House. - Yeah
  32. Indian music
  33. Industrial
  34. Instrumental music
  35. Japanese music
  36. Jazzy
  37. Jumpstyle
  38. Jungle
  39. Chamber music
  40. Celtic music
  41. Children's music
  42. Classical music
  43. - Latin. - Yeah
  44. Meditation music
  45. Metal
  46. Modern music
  47. Musical
  48. New Wave
  49. - Opera. - Yeah
  50. Piano music
  51. Pop
  52. Punk
  53. R&B
  54. Rap
  55. - Reggae. - Yeah
  56. Oh, rock
  57. Romantic music
  58. - Salsa. - Yeah
  59. - Ska. - Yeah
  60. - Soul. - Yeah
  61. Spiritual music
  62. Symphony
  63. - Tango. - Yeah
  64. - Trance. - Yeah
  65. Stairs
  66. Folk music
  67. World music
  68. - Western. - Yeah
  69. Oh, Xtreme

Some different music genres