You will often find people suffering from high blood sugar levels and their adverse effects. But have you ever been aware of what normal blood sugar is? Glucose, or normal blood sugar, is the main energy source for the human body. Whenever you consume foods rich in carbohydrates, such as rice, potatoes, bread, etc., your body obtains glucose from them. The entire process of absorbing glucose and storing it inside the body is quite complex and goes into your digestive system. The normal blood sugar level in the human body keeps changing when you eat throughout the day.

What is a normal blood sugar level?

As per the American Diabetes Association, also known as the ADA, the normal blood sugar level rises as soon as you eat food. After two hours of eating, this level is less than 140 milligrams per deciliter (mg/DL). People with prediabetes are found with lower blood sugar levels between 100-125mg/dL. A study shows that an average blood sugar level among people remains around 82 mg/DL during the night. The normal blood sugar level is approximately 93 mg/DL during the daytime. The normal blood sugar level of an adult with no diabetic symptoms is approximately 90 to 110 mg/DL.

What is normal blood sugar level after eating?

The sudden change in blood sugar level happens depending on several factors. It can be your age, medications, some health conditions, and the last meal you consumed. The normal blood sugar level should be 93 mg/DL. It spikes to 132 mg/DL within an hour of eating food.

Factors that can cause fluctuation in blood sugar levels in a day

•    Type of food you have consumed
•    Amount of food intake and timing
•    Physical exercise
•    Dehydration
•    Medications and health conditions, if any
•    Age
•    Illness
•    Stress
•    Menstrual periods
•    Consumption of alcohol

What are the normal blood Sugar levels in human body?

When reading about blood sugar levels, know that they can be low, normal, or high. It depends on the amount of glucose is present in the bloodstream. The normal blood sugar level for an adult, in a fasting mode for a minimum of eight hours, with no diabetes, should be less than 100 mg/DL. If tested after two hours of eating, it should be 90 to 110 mg/DL.

Blood sugar Level Chart for those with diabetes

For those who have diabetes, normal blood sugar levels depend on their age and the time of day. Here is a small guide to estimating the blood sugar level of a diabetic patient based on their age.  

1. Children aged less than 6 years must have normal blood sugar levels within 80 to 200 mg/DL per day. It is a healthy blood sugar level range in a child’s body. This range can differ or fluctuate when waking up, having meals, and before bedtime. Normal blood sugar levels for children from 6 to 12 years should be within 80 to 180 mg/DL. These blood glucose levels can increase immediately after having meals. It happens because as soon as a child eats food, the body breaks the carbohydrates into glucose. When it goes through the bloodstream, it raises blood sugar levels in a child’s body. If you want to control blood sugar levels in a child’s body, you need to limit your snack intake.

2. For teenagers, blood sugar levels should be between 70 to 150 mg/DL in a day. Because of behavioral changes, it becomes harder to manage blood sugar levels during the adolescent period. With proper exercise, food habits, health conditions, or medications, teenagers can manage healthy blood sugar levels, i.e., 70 to 150 mg/DL.

3. Adults aged 20 years or above should maintain their normal blood sugar level by starting with less than 100-180 mg/DL. As soon as an adult wakes up in the morning, their blood sugar should be the lowest. Your blood sugar levels will remain low as you have been starving for approximately eight or nine hours. If you are struggling to control your glucose level as an adult, you should contact a healthcare professional.

Symptoms of low blood sugar level?

As previously stated, blood sugar levels refer to the amount of glucose you have in your blood. A higher or lower blood sugar level can be recognized if someone has a serious health condition. Here you will get to know what blood sugar levels represent.

Symptoms of low blood sugar

When someone has a low blood sugar level, or their glucose level suddenly drops, it is called Hypoglycemia. Low blood sugar includes excessive alcohol intake, eating disorders, different types of diabetes, endocrine disorders, kidney disorders, cardiac issues, gestational diabetes, etc.

How will you recognize that you have low blood sugar levels?

The most common symptoms that someone with low blood sugar may have, are:
-Dizziness
-Nervousness
-Lightheadedness
-Chills
-Irritability
-Clamminess
-Anxiety
-Confusion
-Shakiness
-Sweating
-Tingling lips  
-Faster heart rate
-Pale skin
-Hunger
-Fainting
The earlier signs of Hypoglycemia may include sweating, dizziness, or lightheadedness. It is better to go and check your blood sugar level.

What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?

High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is the condition in which there is the amount of sugar in bloodstream exceeds the body can use. This happens when your body lacks sufficient insulin or can’t use it properly. High blood glucose levels cause several health issues like stress, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, and the dawn phenomenon, or illness. See a healthcare specialist when you have hyperglycemia, and it needs to be treated.
Some of the symptoms of hyperglycemia include,
-Frequent urination
-Increased thirst
-Difficulty in concentrating
-Fatigue
-Weight loss
-Blurred vision
-Headaches

Though the symptoms are scary, a few changes in your lifestyle can help you improve your health condition. Eating low-sugar food items, exercising regularly, drinking loads of water, and adjusting insulin dosages can best keep your blood sugar levels in control. Stress is another reason why higher blood sugar happens. So, try to stay relaxed. And, keep tracking your blood sugar levels.

Note: The article is meant for general awareness of the readers. The information can’t be used as a substitute to a medical prescription or diagnosis by a medical professional. In case you experience above or related symptoms, kindly consult a registered medical professional.

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What is Normal Blood Sugar level?