The Apollo 11 mission (July 16–24, 1969) was the first to land astronauts on the Moon. The American crew which landed the Apollo Lunar Lander Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC consisted of Captain Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin. Armstrong was the first who walked on the surface of the moon at 02:56 UTC on July 21 followed by Aldrin, six hours and 39 minutes later. They remained about two and a half hours outside the spacecraft altogether, gathering 47.5 pounds of lunar minerals to bring back to earth.
Who was responsible for the launch of Apollo 11?
Apollo 11 was the fifth manned mission of NASA's Apollo programme, and it was conducted from Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, by a Saturn V rocket on July 16 at 13:32 UTC. It was the first lunar landing operation for the United States. The Apollo spacecraft was made up of three parts: a control module (CM), which had a compartment for the 3 astronauts and was the only component that successfully landed; a service module (SM), which provided engine power, electricity generation, oxygen, and water to the crew module; and a lunar module (LM), which had two phases: a descent phase for reaching the moon and an ascent phase to come back the astronauts to orbit around the moon.
Astronauts who served on Apollo 11
• Neil Armstrong, Mission Captain, was born on August 5, 1930, in Wapakoneta, Ohio. In September 1962, he was chosen as part of the second batch of astronauts. He was Gemini 5's reserve command pilot, Gemini 8's backup control pilot, Gemini 11's second management pilot, and Apollo 8's second commander. He was the first human to land on the Moon as the captain of Apollo 11.
• Michael Collins, Command Module Pilot, was born on October 31, 1930, in Rome, Italy. In October 1963, he was selected as part of the third batch of astronauts. He was Gemini 7's second pilot and Gemini 10's pilot. He was originally allocated to the Apollo 8 team, but had to be withdraw due to a surgery. He withdrew from NASA and the Air Force in January 1970.
• Edwin Aldrin, the first human to land on the moon, was birthed in Montclair, New Jersey, on January 20, 1930. He was selected as part of the third class of explorers in October 1963. He was the reserve pilot for Gemini 9, the second pilot for Gemini 12, and the reserve crewed spacecraft pilot for Apollo 8. As the lunar lander pilot on Apollo 11, he was the second man to walk on the moon. He resigned from NASA in July 1971.
What was Apollo 11's mission plan?
The Apollo 11 mission was the first moon landing of the Apollo Spacecraft and the eleventh in a succession of flights employing Apollo flying hardware. It was also the control and support modules' fifth manned mission, as well as the lunar module's third. The mission's goal was to land a manned mission on the moon and return safely to the earth.
#NeilArmstrong #Apollo11 #EdwinAldrin #MichaelCollins #spacecraft #astronauts #lunar #NASA #lunarmodulepilot #controlpilot