When did Japan bombed Pearl Harbour


On December 7, 1941, Japanese forces launched a devastating surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, a U.S. naval base in Honolulu, Hawaii. Nearly 20 American ships, including eight battleships, and over 300 planes were destroyed or damaged by hundreds of Japanese fighter planes that descended on the base just before 8 a.m. on that Sunday morning. There were more than 2,400 American deaths and 1,000 injuries in the attack, which included civilians. The day after the attack, war was declared against Japan.

What led this to happen?
After decades of creeping closer to conflict, Japan and the United States were shocked by the Pearl Harbor attack. The United States was particularly displeased with Japan as a result of the latter's escalating hostility against China. For Japan's administration, conquering their neighbour’s import market was the only way to deal with their economic and demographic woe.
Japan declared war on China in 1937 as a result of the Nanking Massacre and other atrocities. As a result of the aggression, economic penalties and trade embargoes were established. If Japan couldn't get its hands on money and goods, especially crucial ones like oil, its expansionism would be curtailed.
The penalties, on the other hand, only increased the Japanese desire to fight back. For months, Tokyo and Washington, D.C. had been in talks, but neither side was willing to budge. At the end of the day, it appeared that conflict was unavoidable.

The historical day
At 7:55 a.m., a Japanese jump aircraft with the dark red Rising Sun of Japan badge on its wings rises out of the mists above Oahu, Hawaii. A swarm of 360 Japanese aeroplanes followed, launching a fierce attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor. The surprise strike dealt a decisive defeat to the US Pacific fleet, drawing the US irreversibly into World War II.
The Japanese military conducted a surprise attack on the US Naval facility at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The attack resulted in the deaths of 2,403 service men and the injuries of 1,178 others, as well as the sinking or destruction of six US ships. They also shot down 169 planes from the US Navy and Army Air Force.
Japanese torpedo bombers shot at US ships in the harbour from just 50 feet over the water, while other planes strafed the decks with bullets and dropped bombs. Pearl Harbor's most critical onshore facilities—oil depots, repair shops and shipyards as well as submarine docks—were all unaffected by the attack. Therefore, the U.S. Navy quickly recovered from the attack.

The declarations of war against the United States and the British Empire were not delivered until the following day In the immediate aftermath of Japan's attack on British territory, the British government declared war on Japan, while the United States Congress declared war on Japan the following day. In defiance of the Tripartite Pact with Japan, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States on December 11, and the United States replied by declaring war on Germany and Italy. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy" because of Japan's surprise attack on the United States, despite the fact that peace discussions were still taking place.

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