Australia is the world's smallest landmass and one of the world's biggest countries, located in the Southern Hemisphere between the Pacific and Indian seas. Canberra, Australia's capital is situated between the vastly more important cultural and economic cities of Sydney and Melbourne in the southeast. Australia is the driest populated continent on the planet, with the least productive soils. It is a mega-biodiversity country with a wider selection of terrain and climates, including deserts in the middle, dense forests in the north-east, and mountainous terrain in the south-east. Australia earns money through a variety of industries, including exploration and production exports, telecommunication, finance, construction, and study abroad.
When was Australia found?
On February 26, 1606, Willem Janszoon "found" Australia. Aboriginals, on the other hand, came roughly 50,000 years ago. As a result, the Australian Aboriginals were the first humans to discover the continent. To comprehend who truly "found" Australia, we must first comprehend how ancient Europeans viewed the continent and what the term "discover" implies. We can more reasonably establish who or what group of individuals may be attributed with the discovery of Australia if we understand these crucial aspects.
Why was Australia So Important?
Claudius Ptolemy, a Greek mapmaker, considered the globe a sphere—round like a tennis ball—that needed to be maintained, or it would collapse over. To control the world he knew on top, he sketched an imagined continent on the bottom of his maps. Terra Australia Incognita, or the Undiscovered Southern Area, was the name given to this unfamiliar world over time. Hundreds of years have passed since European explorers set sail over the oceans in pursuit of this vast, unknown southern region. They anticipated finding enormous amounts of gold and riches.
How was Australia named?
For ages, Europeans thought that a large territory in the southern hemisphere existed, dubbed 'Terra Australia Incognita' or 'Unknown South Land.' During the 17th century, Dutch navigators explored the northernmost, westernmost, and southernmost shores of Australia, which became known as 'New Holland.' Matthew Flinders, an English explorer, was the one who suggested the name we use today. In 1803, he was the first to encircle the continent, and in 1804 he adopted the word 'Australia' to describe it on a hand-drawn map. An original cope of the same can be found in the National Library.
When the maps and book detailing his expedition were ultimately printed in 1814, the term 'Terra Australia' was substituted, though Flinders indicated that 'Australia' was still his preferred naming. His broad diagram of Terra Australia or Australia map is available online. The word Australia had already existed in paper, but only in a general sense, referring to the mythical southern continent. This name appeared in print for the first time in 1545 in an astrological book. A little wind head chart at the top of the map identifies the projected southern land mass 'Australia.' On their website Encounters 1802-2002, the State Library of New South Wales provides a good account of Flinders' identification of Australia.
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