Sweet red wines are frequently sought after as an entry point into the world of wine or as a "transitional wine" from whites to reds. Red wines firmly planted in the sweet category are far more difficult to come by than sweet white wines, yet they do exist.
Sweet is the polar opposite of dry in the wine industry. The majority of red wines produced across the world are dry. These contain lower residual sugar (RS) levels and, in certain cases, higher tannin content, which contributes significantly to the sense of a dry taste profile. When looking for a sweet red wine, you want the polar opposite, but determine if a red is sweet or dry. You may determine whether you're holding a sweeter red wine by looking for a few characteristics.
In general, it's easy to mix up sweet with "fruity" when it comes to sweet wines. While the taste receptors on the tip of the tongue detect sweetness, the fruitiness of wine is mostly an olfactory sense. Remember that you can only sense five different flavors: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and savory (umami). However, because you can sense millions of odors, the fruitiness of a wine is the result of the combined efforts of taste and fragrance.
Following wines are sweet in taste -
Port wines are fortified sweet wines produced in Portugal. They are available in four different styles: red, white, rose, and tawny. With a sweetness level of up to 150 grams, Old Tawny Ports are among the sweetest Port wines. Port wines are noted for their nutty and caramel flavors and bitter chocolate overtones and have medium tannins.
By chance, the White Zinfandel was discovered. To make his Amador County Zinfandel white wine more 'robust,' Bob Trinchado of Napa Valley's Trinchado Family Estates added some grape juice in the fermentation process. The outcome was an almost clear sweet white wine' with a faint pink color. Wines with a light body and a sweet taste of red fruit characteristics, such as cherries and peaches, characterize sweet Zinfandel.
Moscato is the Italian name for the Muscat grape, one of the world's oldest kinds. The sweet Moscato sparkling wine is mostly cultivated in Piedmont and is full of citrus and floral aromas. Red wine, white wine, and even pink Moscato are all made from Moscato. Some of the top Moscato wines globally include Moscato d 'Asti and Asti Spumante (sparkling wine). Moscato wine has fruity undertones, making it an excellent match with crème sweets like cakes and pies.
Riesling is a white grape with a rich floral scent and high acidity, often linked to Chenin Blanc. It's for this reason that sparkling wine is made from it. It is a terroir-expressive grape variety, meaning that changes in terroir alter the wine's flavor (including sweetness). It may also make dry, semi-sweet, and sweet wines. Sweet Riesling wines feature a high percentage of residual sugar, making them ideal for long-term storage.
Sauternes is predominantly produced in the Bordeaux area of Sauternes. It's prepared with grapes that have been infected by noble rot (Botrytis cinerea), a fungus that aids in the concentration of sugar in the grape, improving the sweetness of the wine. The late harvest wine Spatlese created from German Riesling grapes and the Noble Rot Dolce wine from Napa Valley are two more well-known Noble Rot wines. The sweetness of apricot and honey is matched by medium-high acidity and nutty aromas in this wine. Sauternes has a butterscotch and peach flavor with a trace of coconut and tropical fruit on the tongue.
Ice Wine ('Eiswein') is a sweet dessert wine. Riesling, Vidal, and Cabernet Franc are among the wine grapes used to produce Ice Wine. Sweet ice wines are made from red wine grapes like Merlot and Pinot Noir. Other examples include Furuno (a tannin-rich sweet red ice wine) and ice wines made on the Niagara Peninsula of Canada, Germany, Austria, and the United States.
Tokaji Aszu is an extremely sweet wine from Tokaj in eastern Hungary, the world's first recognized wine zone. From 20 to 40 years, this wine will age well. Tangerine and ginger are the prominent fruit tastes, with undertones of honey, apricots, and marzipan. This is a must-try for anybody who enjoys sweet wines.
Valpolicella Recioto (Valpolicella Recioto)
Valpolicella is well known for its Amarone wines, but it also makes some of the greatest sweet wines in the world. Recioto Della Valpolicella is a sweet wine with a robust body prepared traditionally. The grapes are dried on the mat to concentrate the sugar, giving them their sweet flavor. It has a sweet cherry flavor tempered by the fresh and zesty notes of oranges and lemons on the tongue.
Sweet wines, such as Sauternes and Tokaji Aszu may age for more than 50 years because they have a lot of residual sugar (unlike dry wines). Wine uses sugar as a preservative, and even a semi-sweet wine has the potential to mature for over 20 years. Purchasing the best sweet wine is a difficult undertaking. You'll have to scour the world of wine shops, wine auctions, and wine exchanges for an authentic bottle at a reasonable price. In addition to being the ideal drink for a party, some sweet wines offer excellent age potential. It's not unusual to come across a 100-year-old Madeira on the market! However, finding the best bottles can be difficult with such a large selection of sweet wines to choose from.