Chest pain is a dangerous condition. It can be caused by a brief reduction in blood supply to the heart (angina), or by an abrupt blockage in the coronary arteries, which results in a heart attack. If you're experiencing chest pain, consult a doctor right away.

Indigestion and muscle tension are two more probable reasons for chest pain. Aside from the heart, muscle, bone, the lungs, esophagus (gullet), and skin are all elements of the chest that can cause pain.

Because of the body's complicated nerve system, the source of your chest pain could be elsewhere in the body, like the stomach (abdomen). 'Referred pain' is the term for this. Every minute matters during a heart attack. To avoid heart damage, immediate therapy is required.
Call for an ambulance if you suspect you're suffering a heart attack or if you're not sure what's causing your chest pain.

Signs of a heart attack include chest pain.

Chest pain can be a symptom that you're having a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to your heart is cut off, causing the heart muscle to be damaged.

The more a heart attack is ignored, the more harm is done. A heart attack might be fatal in some situations. Because they don't recognize the signs or leave it too late to respond, many people die of heart attacks or suffer chronic heart damage.

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of a heart attack:

• Excruciating crushing pain in the center of your chest or behind your breastbone. It may feel like you're being squeezed, tightened, choking, or under a lot of pressure.
• Aches and pains in the throat, jaw, shoulders, arms, neck, or back.
• Sweating.
• Anxiety, dizziness, or feeling ill.
• You have a bad feeling in your stomach.
• Excessive gasping for air.
• Symptoms that linger for at least 10 to 15 minutes.

The signs and symptoms of a heart attack differ between individuals, and some people experience no symptoms at all.

Chest pain – angina

Angina is a type of short-term chest pain caused by a lack of blood or oxygen to the heart muscle, which commonly occurs when the heart needs to work harder than usual. This might happen as a result of exercise, stress, chilly weather, or eating a large meal.

Angina pain can be relieved by resting or taking angina medications.

Angina is frequently caused by the underlying coronary artery disease, in which plaque (fatty deposits) builds up in the artery walls, narrowing the arteries of the heart. The blood flow to the heart is diminished as a result of the constriction, resulting in chest pain (angina). Angina typically does not result in cardiac damage.

Risk factors for angina and heart attacks

Angina and heart attacks are usually caused by coronary artery disease, that includes several risk factors, some of which you can control and others which you can't.

You can alter the following risk factors:

• diabetes
• smoking
• Unhealthy eating habits
• hypertension (high blood pressure)
• a high cholesterol level
• being obese or overweight
• lack of physical activity
• drinking too much alcohol
• some mental health problems

You can't modify the following risk factors:

• growing older - as we become older, our danger increases.
• being a woman who has gone through menopause
• being male
• a history of heart disease in the family
• ethnicity - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as well as some other groups, are more vulnerable.
It's crucial to note that even people who don't have these risk factors might get angina or have a heart attack.

Why does the center of my chest hurt?