Did Neanderthals Coexist With Homo Sapiens?

Did Neanderthals Coexist With Homo Sapiens?

It is believed that the last Neanderthals lived with the first homo sapiens and at this point, a lot of questions arise in this regard: Why did they not survive? Did they love or hate each other? Was there a Romeo Sapiens and a Neanderthal Juliet?

Life Before Us

It is said that, on our planet, life appeared around 3.5 billion years ago and since then, many species have become extinct, such as the Neanderthals. Of course, the appearance of homo sapiens "intelligence made a species" has not reduced the extinction of species, and if they continue with their way of life as "sapiens-sapiens", it will have increased it.

Out of curiosity, it should be noted that in Spain, the cliffs of Itzurun beach, in Zumaia, are the best place in the world to study the Paleocene, a stage that began after the extinction of the dinosaurs. The study of the stratotypes of the Paleocene, the Neogene, and the Quaternary marks the limits between the different geological ages of the Earth. At the end of the Neogene, the first hominids arise and it is in the Quaternary when our ancestors will do so.


Discovering Fossils

During the XIX century, the first prehistoric human fossils were discovered. At first, they were not recognized as a different species from ours, but it was in 1864 when Professor William King proposed to include a new species which he called homo neanderthalensis because these findings were found in a cave in the Neander Valley, in Germany.

In 1924 Raymond Dart identified Australopithecus Africanus as the missing link between man and ape. Later, new discoveries such as Homo Habilis or Homo erectus in Africa were added to it.

In Spain, scientists can boast of the Chasm of the Bones of Atapuerca that has allowed them to contribute a lot of data to the world record on Homo heidelbergensis, a species identified as pre-neanderthal.

Covering the topic at hand, we must refer to the Eirós Cave, in Galicia. In the findings discovered in it, the transition between the first homo sapiens and the Neanderthals can be studied.


The Sumerian Bible

The best-known author on theories of human evolution was Charles Darwin. Since then, many scientists have tried to give an answer to this issue. It is impossible to go back millions of years, so each one explains his version allowing us to doubt it.

A recent study has shown that Genesis is a copy of the Sumerian clay tablets. The Sumerians have been a very ancient civilization that inhabited Mesopotamia. They invented hieroglyphics, which later became cuneiform writing. In the Sumerian tablets, there was talk of a god named Anu, husband of the goddess Ki, both gods of the sky, the constellations, and the stars. These gods were called the Annunaki whose meaning is related to the descent from heaven to Earth. What we know of the Sumerian Bible we owe to the interpretation of the researcher Zecharia Sitchin. These beings came to earth from a planet called Nibiru in search of gold to warm their weakened atmosphere.

The Annunaki settled on Earth creating cities and the mining industry. These beings could not have enough anatomical resistance for the hard work of the mine and decided to experiment with the primates of the earth so that another species could resist the hard work. It is said that "Adapt" (the first Homo Sapiens?) arose from these genetic experiments as a result of the mixture between Annunakis and Neanderthals. How much is it true?



The Last Neanderthal by Claire Cameron

In the novel "The Last Neanderthal" by Claire Cameron, the scientific research and experience of motherhood of two women separated in time come together in a story that sheds light on amazing aspects of Neanderthal life.

It is a novel that puts us in the shoes of Chica, a member of a Neanderthal family, describing her day-to-day and making us feel very close to the group of hominids. An era in which there were only two types of meat: the one that gets eaten and the one that is eaten. In addition, this story parallels the discovery of the Neanderthal "Girl" by the anthropologist Rose Gale.

Modern humans and Neanderthals lived in the same areas for a long time, and it's becoming clear that they were more similar to us than we can imagine. The presence of their genetic traits in their DNA confirms that modern humans interbred with them.

According to Rose Gale, "In archaeology, the discovery is important, but the person who interprets what is found and publishes it is the one who gets the credit." Could their interpretations clarify how the coexistence between modern humans and Neanderthals has been? You can read her book if you feel curious.


About The Author: Claire Cameron

Claire Cameron (Canada, 1973) has a degree in history. She contributes to The New York Times or The Globe and Mail. She is the author of The Line Panther and The Bear, the latter a best seller.

Inspired by the image of the skeleton lovers in Valdaro in 2007, her passion for her story and her experience as a rock climbing and rafting instructor has sparked the imagination for this engaging novel:

"When I tried to imagine what a Neanderthal would be like I used scientific research and then imagined a girl with a life as varied, complex, and confusing as any other and bringing out every physical trait, passions and concerns, similar to those of any teenager 40,000 years younger, Chica, the last Neanderthal, was born."

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