Golden Age

#nederland #goudeneeuw

A golden age or golden age is a term that refers to a flowering period in the history of a country or culture. The Netherlands, or rather, the Republic of the seven united Provinces also had a golden age. This coincides to a large extent with the seventeenth century. During this period, the Republic was a leader in the world in trade, science and arts. The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) was also founded. At the time the largest trading company in the world and the first joint-stock company with freely negotiable shares.

After disaster year 1672, when “the people were unreasonable, the government desperate and the country were lifeless,” a period of economic and social decline began and this golden age went out like a night candle.

Top pieces from the Golden Age include art painter Rembrandt van Rijn, the sea captains Michiel de Ruyter and Maarten Tromp, Anthony van Leeuwehoek (inventor of the microscope) and King Stadholder Willem the Third.

Incidentally, the Republic of the Seven Unified Provinces was a political exception of Europe at that time, which consisted mainly of kingdoms. However, the Republic consisted of eight sovereign states: Stad en Lande (Groningen), Friesland, Overijssel, Gelderland, Utrecht, Holland, Zeeland and Drenthe. Each state governed its own territory. Representatives of seven states (Drenthe fell outside) sent their representatives to the States-General in The Hague.

Territories outside the eight provinces but belonged to the territory of the confederation, the so-called generality countries, were located in the present Dutch provinces of Noord-Brabant (Staats-Brabant), and Limburg (Staats-Overmaas and Staats-Opper-Gelre), in the current Zeeuws-Vlaanderen (Staats-Vlaanderen) and in the southeast of Groningen (Wedde and Westerwolde).[Source: History]

NB: The term 'Golden' Age is in conflict because it is deemed misplaced. This is in connection with the slave trade that also took place in this era. In particular, the VOC counterpart, the VWC (United Westindische Compagnie), which carried out numerous lucrative 'trade missions' from Africa to America. With enslaved on board who made the crossing under the most appalling conditions (many lost their lives). To be sold to the highest bidder in the new world after arrival. Often those bidders were cotton plantation holders where these enslaved Africans then waited a short and miserable life of heavy physical labor and abuse. A black page in history!

© Sweet Hungarian Life