What Are Phobias? | roxana_ac

What Are Phobias?

Phobias start from irrational and oversized fear. That fear can become a kind of rejection of the object that generates said fear, which may well be a person, an animal, or a particular situation.

The behavior of a person with a phobia towards something borders on mania, when confronted with the subject of the phobia they can express antipathy, disgust, rejection, and even repulsion. Fear or dread, although it can respond to a situation that represents a risk, does not always respond to this characteristic, this feeling can become unsustainable since the situation remains controlled without imminent danger.


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Anxiety and Phobia?

It is known that when there is a phobia towards something, severe anxiety is one of the most common manifestations that appear associated with it.

This is because precisely the symptoms that appear when a person is in front of the subject that causes the phobia are some of those that are experienced in an anxiety attack: sweating, tachycardia, nerves, and exaltation. Chills, dry mouth, and dizziness.

Why Do Phobias Arise?

It is important to determine the origin of a phobia in order to achieve a good result in its treatment, I. e. if the patient wants to be treated and wants to overcome his or her phobia.

It is known that, in general, phobias appear after an accident or a traumatic event that has been decisive in a person's life, so much so that it remains in their mind, generating limitations in the face of it.

It can also appear after a negative emotional impact that has been of great importance for an individual. Hence, these origins not only affect the appearance of a phobia but of other disorders at the same time.

Sometimes, these impacts are generated in an imposed manner. A person may have been subjected to mistreatment, torture, or events that were not chosen at will, that did not happen by accident, and it is in these cases where the fear ceases to be a simple exaggerated fear for no apparent reason.


When Do Your Symptoms Begin To Manifest?

In general, phobias make their appearance from childhood, this is a stage of life in which you are exposed to new things and consequently there is a high level of vulnerability.

In childhood, you are learning and getting to know new things, in this sense, you also begin to form opinions, tastes, and reactions to different situations. Some phobias can also appear in adolescence that can last until adult life.

Although the subject of phobia can be clearly defined, many times people are not willing to overcome it. Either because they are not interested, because they really express an absolute rejection of the object of the phobia, or because it is too difficult for them to face it to have an evolution and break with the phobia.

The 10 Most Common Types Of Phobias

1. Agoraphobia: fear of open spaces
2. Acrophobia: fear of heights
3. Claustrophobia: fear of closed spaces
4. Belonephobia: fear of needles
5. Coulrophobia: fear of clowns (usually appears in childhood and lasts into adulthood)
6. Glossophobia: fear of speaking in public
7. Arachnophobia: fear of spiders
8. Aerophobia: fear of flying, of getting on a plane
9. Cynophobia: fear of dogs
10. Hematophobia: fear of blood

There are an infinity of phobias, there are even dictionaries with all the terms to describe each one of them.
In fact, there are so rare phobias that they become cases of studies and medical research, such as the phobia of certain colors, fear of sleeping, fear of money, fear of the number 13 or the number 666.

This is why many people tend to judge phobias as illusions or simply as meaningless fears, but in reality, they are psychological and emotional disorders that sometimes lead the sufferer to be unable to perform routine actions or even limit themselves to opportunities due to fear, for example, to fly. In fact, there are phobias that can cause physical discomfort as complex as fainting and temporary paralysis of movement.

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There are therapies to solve a phobia, among them the psychological accompaniment of a professional is essential. It is the specialist who defines what the treatment will be, but in general, it is referred to as exposure therapy.

The most important thing is not to go into a state of denial and assume the phobia as an aspect to improve. Some phobias, such as social ones, that are associated with states of hatred or revulsion, can be more complex to solve because the individual assumes it as a personality characteristic that they are not willing to change or that they believe they will not be able to overcome under any circumstances.

Always consult a specialist to have a relevant diagnosis and recommend the best path to follow.